Page:Sanskrit Grammar by Whitney p1.djvu/575

From Wikisource
Jump to navigation Jump to search
This page has been proofread, but needs to be validated.

nasal assimilation, 117 c, f, g, 161, 198 b, 199 c.

nasal class (seventh, rudh-class) of verbs, 603, 683–96: formation of stem, 683; inflection, 684–92; roots of the class, 694; irregularities, 693–6.

nasal increment in strong forms, 255, 386.

nasal mutes (n̄, ñ, ṇ, n, m), 34. 36; their occurence as finals, 143; duplication, 210; assimilation of preceding mute, 161, 198 b, 199 b; abbreviation of consonant-group after, 231; — nasal spirant or anusvāra, 70–3; — nasal semivowels, 71 c, 206, 213 c; — nasal vowels, 71, 72: — and see the different letters.

nasality, Hindu definition of, 36 a.

negative particles, 1122 c–e; neg. prefix, 1121 a–c.

neutral pron. of a, 21.

ninth class of verbs — see -class.

nominative case, uses of, 267, 268; peculiar construction with verbs, 268 a; with iti, 268 b; with vocative, 268 c; used adverbially, 1117; nom. use of infinitive, 987; nom. form as particle, 1117; in composition, 1250 f.

noun and adjective, distinction of, 322; inflection of nouns — see declension.

nu-class (fifth, su-class) of verbs, 603, 697–716: formation of stem, 697; inflection, 698–707; roots of the class, 708; irregularities, 710v3, 716.

number in declension, 264, 265; in conjugation, 636; number-forms in composition, 1250 g.

numerals, 475–89; simple cardinals, 475; their combinations for odd numbers, 476–81; inflection, 482–5; construction, 486; ordinals, 487, 488; other num. derivatives, 489, 1104–6, 1246; num. figures, 17; possessive compounds with num., 1300; num. or dvigu compounds, 1312.


omission, sign indicating, 16.

onomatopoetic words, 1091, 1135 b.

optative mode, 533, 564–8; its formation, 564, 565; scheme of endings combined with mode-sign, 566; precative, 567, 921–6; scheme of prec. endings, 568; uses of opt. , 67382; with prohibitive, 579 b; optative use of auginentless preterit forms, 587.

order of subjects in the grammar, 107; as best taken up by a student, 108, 112; of subjects in euph. combination, 124.

ordinal numeral adjectives, 487, 488.


pada-endings in declension, 111 a.

palatal series of mutes (c, ch, j, jh, ñ), pronunciation etc., 33, 42–4; derived from original gutturals, 42; reversion to guttural form, 43, 214 ff.; euphonic combinations, 118, 119, 214–20; treatment as finals, 142; assimilation of dentals to, 196–203; pal. character of i, ī, 20; of y, 51, 56; of ç, 63, 64; palatal for guttural in reduplication, 590 b: — and see the different letters.

participial compounds, 1247 g, 1309.

participles, 534, 537, 583, 584, 1172–7; of present-systems, 619 etc. etc.; of perfect, 802–7; of aorist, 840, 852, 872, 897, 909; of future, 939; passive part., 952–8, 1176, 1177; active, in tavant, navant, 959, 960; future passive, 961–6; of secondary conjugations, 1012, 1013, 1019, 1037, 1043 e, f, 1051, 1068; part. in possessive composition, 1299; — inflection of part. in ant, 443–9; in vāṅs, 458–62; part. phrases, periphrastic, 1074, 1076; — relation of part. and adjective, 967.

particles, 98 a; prolongation of final vowel of, 248 a; part, giving accent to verb, 595 c, e, 598 a.

passive conjugation, 531, 540, 998; present-system (-class), 606, 768–74; aorist 3d sing., 842–5, 1048; periphrastic perfect, 1072; participle in ta or na, 952–8, 1051 b, 1176, 1177; future participles, 961–6 (and see gerundives); pass. use of infinitive, 988; pass. from intransitives, 999 a; pass, of secondary conjugations, 1025, 1039, 1052 a; pass. constructions, 282 a, 999.

past use of present tense. 777, 778.

perfect tense, 532; scheme of its