Page:Statesman's Year-Book 1899 American Edition.djvu/1015

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Area and population

059

Of thb total population in 1895, 51*4 percent, lived in towns and rural communes of 2,000 inhabitants and upwards, and 48 '6 per cent, in com- munes with less than 2,000 inhabitants.

While the town population increased at the rate of 2 "33 percent, per annum between 1885 and 1890, the country population increased at the rat6 of 0"46 per cent, per annum. The town population in 1895 was 12,954,591, showing a rate of increase of 1'84 per cent, per annum sinCe 1890, while the rate of increase in the country districts was only 0"89 per cent, per annum.

The urban and rural population were distributed as follows at the census periods, 1885, 1890 and 1895 :—

Census

No. of Towns

Nos. Rural Coninmnesi

Towns and Communes, with 2,000 Inhabitants and upwards

Communes, &c., with less than 2,000 Inhabitants

No. j Pop.

Per Ct.

No. Pop.

Per Ct.

1885 1890 1895

1,280 1,263 1,266

55,002 53,640 52,517

1,648 1,726 1,842

12,754,674 14,529,598 16,383,267

45-0 48-5 51-4

53,722 53,177 51,941

15,563,796 15,425,683 15,471,856

55-0 51-5 48-6

1 Including 16,403 separate ' Gutsbezirke ' in 1885 ; 16,559 in 1890 ; 16 143 in 1805. The urban population was thus distributed in 1895 : —

No.

18 88

Pop. 1895

No.

Pop. 1895

Large towns^ Medium ,,

4,633,361 3,182,096

Small towns Country ,,

327 514

3,094,388 1,603,781

1 See p. 536 for the official signification of these terms.

In 1890 the population included 14,702,151 males and 15,253,130 females — i.e. 103 '7 females per 100 males ; in 1895 there were 15,645,439 males and 16,209,684 females — i.e., 103*6 females per 100 males. With respect to con- jugal condition the following was the distribution in 1895 : —

Males j Females

9,730,803 ! 9,357,651

5,429,929 5,445,398

466,060 i 1,371,008

18,647 35,627

Total

Unmarried .... Manied ..... Widowed ..... Divorced or separated

19,088 454

10,875,327

1,837,068

54,274

The division of the population according to occupation is shown in the table on p. 534, and some particulars as to race on the same page.

In 1895 the number of foreigners (exclusive of other Germans) resident in Prussia was 205,818, of whom 63,289 were Austrians and Hungarians, 47,715 Dutch, 18,998 Russians, 24,389 Danes, 6,301 Swedes and Norwegians, 8,120 British, 6,564 Belgisan, 7,327 Armenians (United States), 10,062 Swiss, and 2,127 French.

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