Page:Statesman's Year-Book 1899 American Edition.djvu/1032

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676

GERMAN EMPIRE : — SAXONY

Religion, Instruction, Justice, and Crime.

In 1895 Saxe- Weimar contained 325,315 Protestants (95*9 per cent.), 12,112 Catholics (3 '6 per cent), 455 other Christians, 1,290 Jews, and 45 others.

The University at Jena (see Germany, p. 539) is common to the four Saxon Duchies. The public schools in the Grand-duchy at the close of 1894-95 were as follows : —

Schools

No.

Teachets

Pupils

Elementary schools

Gymnasia

Realgymnasia

Realschulen (2 private) .

Normal schools

Drawing schools .

Deaf-mute and blind asylum

462 3 2 4 2 2 1

904 50 28 45 34 8 11

54,106 677 528 559 197 595 43

Saxe-Weimar contains two Landgerichte, while the district of Neustadt is subject to the jurisdiction of the Landgericht at Gera, common to Saxe- Weimar and the Reuss Principalities. The Oberlandesgericht at Jena is a common court of appeal for the four Saxon Duchies, Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt, the two Reuss Principalities, and parts of Prussia. In 1894, 2,285 persons, i.e. 94 '8 per 10,000 inhabitants above the age of 12, were convicted of crime in Saxe-Weimar. In 1885, 4,198 persons, with 2,601 dependents, received public poor relief, i.e. 21*66 per 1,000 inhabitants.

Production.

The number of separate agricultural tenements on June 14, 1895, was as follows : —

Under 1 Hect.

16,575

1-10 Hect.

10-100 Hect.

19,419

6,073

Over 100 Hect.

160

Total

42,227

Their total area was 289,568 hectares. These farms supported a population of 123,011, of whom 56,693 were actively engaged in agriculture. The chief crops in 1897 were as follows : —

Crops

Wheat

Rye

Barley

Hectares 1,000 Kilog.

Crops

224,467 343,085 265,967

33,154 36,453 41,110

Oats .

Potatoes

Hay.

Hectares

334,318

224,896 315,841

1,000 Kilog.

39,687 215,503 111,134

There were 193 miles of railway in 1895.

British Minister Plenipotentiary. — Rt. Hon. Sir F. C. Lascelles, G.C.B., G.C.M.G.

GooistU' General. — Freiherr C. C. B. von Tauchnitz (Leipzig).

SAXONY.

(KONIGREICH SaCHSEN.)

Reigning King.

Albert, born April 23, 1828 ; eldest son of King Johann and of Queen Amalie, daughter of King Maximilian I. of Bavaria. Succeeded to the