Page:Statesman's Year-Book 1899 American Edition.djvu/1037

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1»R0I)UCTI0N AND INDUSTRY

G81

In 1897, of the total area, 977,467 hectares were under cultivation, viz. : — 795,845 hectares (81-42 per cent.) arable ; 174,751 hectares (17-88 per cent.) meadow; 6,373 hectares (0-65 per cent.) pasture; 498 hectares (0-05 per cent.) vineyard; besides 387,729 hectares (1893) under wood, of which 168,804 belonged (1893) to the State. The number of separate farms on June 5, 1882, ami on June 14, 1895, was as follows : —

Under 1 Hect.

1-10 Hect.

10-100 Hect.

Over 100 Hect.

Total

1882 1895

94,783 96,796

69,171 67,685

28,209 28,392

758 754

192,921 193,627

In 1895 their total area wis 1,344,824 hectares. They supported a population of 517,642, of whom 271,977 were actively engaged in agriculture.

The areas (in hectares) under the chief crops, and the yield per hectare in metric tons (of 1,000 kilogrammes) at the undernoted dates were as follows : —

Area

Yield in metric tons

1896

1897

1896

1897

Aver. 1888-97

Wheat .

51,088

52,316

2-14

2-00

1-97

Rye

215,591

213,330

1-50

1-36

1-45

Barley ,

31,427

30,584

1-67

1-65

1-58

Oats

188,693

189,070

1-64

1-49

1-56

Potatoes .

123,006

124,020

10-40

10-46

10-80

Hay, &c.

174,554

174,751

3-63

3-84

3-12

On May 1, 1897, the factory hands in Saxony were returned' at 481,074, of whom 323,727 were males and 157,347 females ; 176,588 were engaged in the textile industry, 68,104 in the manufacture of machinery and tools, 51,113 in industries connected with stone and earth, and 31,812 in those connected with paper and leather. The total number of factories and industrial establish- ments was 17,354, of which 6,370 had steam power. The following shows the mining statistics for five years : —

Year

1892 1893 1894 1895 1896

Coal Mines

Other Mines

Total

No. of Mines

Hands

Production in metric tons

Value inl,000 marks

No. of Mines

Hands

Pro- duce

in 1,000 marks

No. of Mines

Hands

Pro- duce in

1,000 marks

Coal

Lignite

152 153 145 149 147 1

24,023 24.221 23,988 24,107 24,779

4,212,875 4,274,064 4,123,227 4,435,328 4,536,603

927,860

940,988

918,580

1,018,480

1,035,825

42,457 43,171 40,311 43,577 45,778

101 89

82 70 73

6,880 6.453 6,114 5,811 5,534

5,097 4,370 3,723 3,506 3,252

263 242 227 219 220

30,903 30,674 30,102 29,918 30,313

47,554 47,541 44,034 47,084 49,030

In 1896 the Saxon iron-foundries produced 246,933 metric toivs of llni.shW iron, representing a value of 41,217,913 marks. In 1896-07, 686 breweries produced 4,379,001 liectolitres of beer ; and 581 distilleries consumed 124,845,300 kilogrammes of raw material in the manufacture of spirits, and produced 128,353 hectolitres of pure alcohol.