Page:Statesman's Year-Book 1899 American Edition.djvu/1046

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690

GERMAN EMPIRE

-WURTTEMBFRG

the total, amounted to 436,354,739 marks ou April 1, 1898, The total debt amounts to about 227 marks, or 111. Is. per head of the population, and the charge (interest and sinking fund) for 1897-98 to 20,300,506 marks, or about 105. per head. The net income of the railways, all expenses deducted, amounts to (1895-96) 16,076,804 marks, covering 81 per cent, of the interest charge of the whole public debt, and 89 per cent, of the interest charge of the railway debt alone.

Army.

The total strength of the Wlirttemberg corps d'armee (the 13th of Ger- many) had on the peace footing, 1898, 24,156 men, 4,190 horses, and 132 guns. In 1896-97 there were 10,827 recruits.

Industry.

Wlirttemberg is primarily an agricultural State, and 2,9^

5,900 acres, or

64 per cent, of the entire area, are under cultivation, and 1,482,240 acres, or 31 per cent, under forest. On June 15, 1895, the total number of agricultural tenements, each cultivated by one household, was as follows : —

Under 1 Hectare

Between 1 and 10 Hectares

Between 10 and 100 Hectares

Above 100 Hectares

Total

106,846

173,422

26,219

156

306,643

Their total area was 1,498,949 hectares. They supported 1,080,032 persons, of whom 429,624 were actively engaged upon them.

The areas under the principal crops (in hectares), and the yield (in metric tons) per hectare in 1897, and the average annual yield for 1885-97 were as follows : —

1897

Average Yield, 1885-94

1897

Average Yield, 1885-94

Hectares

Yield perhect.

Hectares

Yield perhectv

Wheat Rye . Barley Oats . Spelt

32,824

39,346

100,201

143,348

170,195

1-02 1-01 1-19 1-22 0-90

1-28 1-15 1-39 1-20 1-05

Potatoes . Hay . . Clover, etc. Hops

93,412

290,506

105,013

5,503

7-04 4-43 4-44 0-61

9-82 3-91

In 1897 vines occupied 16,992 hectares, and yielded 249,851 hectolitres ©f wine.

In 1896-97 were produced 3,794,757 hectolitres of beer. The total value of the minerals raised in the kingdom in 1896 was 1,020,866 markS)

In 1897 there were in Wlirttemberg 1,014 miles of railway, of which 977 miles belonged to the State, 22 miles to private persons, and 15 miles to the neighbouring States of Baden. The Government owned also 110 miles of railway within neighbouring States.

British Minister. — Vi(;tor A. W. Drummond (residing at Munich).

Consul at Stuttgart. — Albert v. Kaulla.

References.

The following publications of the Royal Statistical Landesamt, Stuttgart :' Wiirttem- bergische .Tahrbiieher fiir Statistik und Landeskunde. Oberanitsbeschreibungen, neue Folge. VerijfTcntlichungen des K. Statistischen Landesamts iiu Staatsanzoiger fiir Wlirttemberg. Topographischer Atlas des Konigreichs Wiirttemberg. Hauptflnanzetat des Konigreichs Wiirtteuibcrg.

Bnedeker'g Southern Germany. 8th ed. Leipzig, 1895.