Page:Statesman's Year-Book 1899 American Edition.djvu/1049

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AREA AND POPULATION

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Area and Population.

At the census of 1879 Greece had a popuhition (iiichuling that of Tliessaly in 1881) of 1,973,768 ; in 1889, 2,187,208 ; in 1896, 2,433,806. In 1896 the population consisted of 1,266,816 nude.s and 1,166,990 females. The territory detached from Turkey, consisting of most of Thessaly and a strip of Epirus, was added to Greece by a treaty with Turkey, executed — under pressure of the Great Powers— June 14, 1881. The Kingdom is divided into 16 nomarchies. In 1889 and 1896 the area and population were as follows : —

Area :

Pop.

Nomarchies

English

Population

Population

per sq.

(Provinces)

square miles

1889

18'J6

mile, 1896

Northern Greece : —

Attica and Bceotia

2,472

257,764

313,069

125-1

Phocis and Phthiotis

2,044

136,470

147,297

71-9

Acarnania and jEtolia .

3,013

162,020

170,565

56-6

Peloponnesus : —

Argolis and Corinth

1,442

144,836

157,578

104-4

Achaia and Elis

1,901

210,713

236,251

124-3

Arcadia ....

2,020

148,285

167,092

82-7

Messenia ....

1,221

183,232

205,798

168.5

Laconia ....

1,679

126,888

135,462

86-7

Islands : —

Eubcea and Sporades

2,216

103,442

115,515

52-1

Cyclades ....

923

131,508

134,747

145-9

Corfu

431

114,535

124,578

289-0

Zanthe (Zakynthos)

277

44,070

45,032

162-6

Cephalonia (Kephallonia)

302

80,178

83,363

276-0

Thessaly : —

Arta .....

395

32,890

39,144

99-1

Trikkala ....

2,200

143,143

, 176,-773

80-3

Larissa ..... Total .

2,478

168,034

181,542

73-1

25,014

2,187,208

2,433,806

1

97-3

The increase of the population of Greece from 1870 to 1879 was at the rate of 1-87, and from 1879 to 1889 1-05 per cent, per annum.

The number of foreigners living in Greece in 1879 was 31,969, of whom 23,133 were Turks, 3,104 Italians, 2,187 English, 534 French, 364 Austrians, 314 Germans, 101 Russians.

The male population in 1889 according to occupation was as follows :— Agricultural and pastoral, 444,096; artizans, 64,211; traders and their employes, 117,979; workmen and servants, 31,321; professions, 15,735; officials, 12,109; clergy, 10,059; defence, 34,624.

From a linguistic point of view, at least, the nationality of Greece is Hellenic. Most of the Albanians who have, at various dates during the last 400 years, migrated into Greece, have become Hellenised. At present there