Page:Statesman's Year-Book 1899 American Edition.djvu/109

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JUDICIARY.— AREA AND POPULATION Ixxxvii

SUPREME COURT OF THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA Chief Justice. — Edward F. Bingham. Associate Justices. — Alexander B. Hagner, Walter S. Cox^ Andrew C. Bradley, Harry M. Clabaugh, Charles C. Cvle. Clerk. — John K. Young. Betired Justices. — Andrew Wylie., Charles P. James. The salaries of Federal Judges range from $4500 to $10,500. The salary of the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States is $10,500, and of the Associate Justices �10,000 each. Circuit Court Judges are paid $0000 each ; District Court Judges, $5000, as a rule, although those situated in Territories are paid $3000. The salary of each of the justices of the U. S. Court of Claims is $4500, and of the Court of Ap- peals of the District of Columbia, $0000, except the Chief Justice, who receives $6500. The justices of the Supreme Court of the District of Columbia are paid $5000 each. Area and Population The area of the United States March 4, 1789, when the present Constitution went into effect, consisted of 827,844 square miles. This area was increased by the accession of the Louisiana and Oregon tracts in 1803-5, of 1,171,931 square miles; by the Florida purchase in 1819, of 59,268 square miles; by the accession of Texas in 1845, of 376,163 square miles ; by the first Mexican cession, 545,753 square miles ; through the Gadsden purchase in 1853, 44,064 square miles; by the pur- chase of Alaska in 1867, 532,409 square miles ; by the annexa- tion of Hawaii in 1898, 6740 square miles, and by the cession of Porto Kico in 1898, 3600 square miles ; the total area of the national domain now being 3,567,772 square miles. ^ Progress and Present Condition The following table gives the total white and colored jjopu- lation of the United States, at each of the eleven censuses from 1790 to 1890 :

Increase Year White Free Colored Slave Total per cent, per ann. 1790 3,172,006 59,527 697,681 3,929,214 — 1800 4,306,446 108,435 893,602 5,308,483 3.51 1810 5,862,073 186,446 1,191, .362 7,239,881 3.64 1820 7,862,166 233,634 1,538,022 9,633,822 3.31 1830 10,537,378 319,599 2,009,043 12,806,020 3.36 1840 14,195,805 386,293 2,487,355 17,069,453 3.27 1850 19,553,068 434,495 3.204,313 23,191,876 3.59 18(30 26,922,537 488,070 3,953,760 31,443.321 3.56 1870 33,589,377 4,880,009 38,558,-371 2.26 1880 43,402,970 6,580,793 50,155,783 3.01 1890 54,983,890 7,470,040 62,622,250 2.49

^ This does not agree with the total derived from adding the land area of separate States and Territories, owing to differences in local surveys.