Page:Statesman's Year-Book 1899 American Edition.djvu/1120

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64

JAPAN

Islands), according to the official returns of December 31, 1896. was 147,655 square miles. The population of the six divisions was as follows : —

Sq. ni.

Population

Pop.

jier sq. m.

Sq. m.

Population

Pop

per

sq. m.

Central Nippou Northern ,, Western ,,

Total Nippon

36,600 30,204 20,681

16,532,349 6,502,867 9,612,622

452 215 464

Shikoku. Kiushiu . Hokkaido

Grand tot.

7,031 16,840 36,299

2,948,009

6,604,047

508,870

419

392

14

87,485

32,647,388

373

147,655

42,708,264

289

The population consisted of 21,561,023 males and 21,147,241 females.

On December 31, 1896, the population was divided among the various classes as follows : — Imperial family, 45 (not included in the total population) ; kwazoku, or nobles, 4,375 ; shizoku, or knights (formerly retainers of the daimios), 2,067,997 ; common people, 40,635,892. The number of foreigners in 1896 was 9,238, of whom 4,533 were Chinese, 1,960 English, 1,025 Ameri- cans, 476 Germans, 343 French, 124 Portuguese, 83 Dutch, 269 Russians. The number of Japanese residents abroad in 1896 was 54,342.

The number of Ainus in Hokkaido ( Yezo) in 1896 was stated to be 16,978.

The following table gives the statistics of the births, deaths, and mar- riages for five years : —

Year

Births

Deaths

Marriages

Excess of Births

1892 1893 1894 1895 1896

1,217,521 1,178,428 1,208,983 1,246,427 1,282,178

886,988 937,644 840,768 852,422 912,822

349,489 358,389 361,319 365,633 501,777

330,533 240,784 368,215 394,005 369,356

In 1896 the still-births (not included in the above) numbered 127,213 (or 9 03 per cent.), and the illegitimate, 84,479 (or 6 6 per cent).

The following is a list of

the large towns and cities in 1896

Tokio .

1,299,941

Toyama .

Osaka .

503,690

Wakayama

Kioto .

341,101

Okayama .

Nagoya .

242,085

Kumamoto

Kobe .

184,192

Kagoshima

Yokohama

. 179,502

Niigata .

Hiroshima

107,685

Otani

Kanazawa

85,916

Sakai

Sendai .

77,476

Fukui

Nagasaki

72,390

Shidzuoka

Hakodate

70,821

Akamagaseki

Fukuoka

62,212

Utsomomiya

Tokusima

61,489

Kofu

58,975

Kochi

35,470

57,366

Matsuye .

34,625

57,210

Otsu

34,556

56,824

Matsuyama

34,535

53,895

Takamatsu

34,274

51,335

Naba

34,117

50,717

Sapporo .

33,987

49,063

Nagano .

. 33,141

44,290

Yamagata

. 32,151

39,950

Mito

32,064

36,570

Morioka .

. 31,989

36,430

Hirosaki .

. 31.295

35,738