Page:Statesman's Year-Book 1899 American Edition.djvu/1159

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COMMERCE — MONEY, WEIGIHTS, AND MEASURES 801

111 1S95 and 1896 tJie trade was distributed among the principal countries (including their dependencies) as follows : —

Imports from

Imports from

E\)>oits to

Exports to

(1895)

(1896)

(1895) £

(1896)

£

£

£

Great Britain .

938,708

777,743

533,538

219,089

France

446,991

358,361

328,389

179,013

Spain .

59,180

9,277

328,203

199,129

Germany .

148,403

124,660

115,341

110,031

Belgium .

00,715

96,308

Thus, in 1896, of the imports about 59 per cent, were from Great Britain, 27 per cent, from France, and 9 '5 per cent, from Germany ; of the exports about 17 per cent, went to Great Britain, 14 per cent, to France, and 9 per cent, to (rermany.

The chief imports (1896) are cotton goods (545,360Z.), sugar (344, 840Z.), tea (104,912Z.), silk, candles, woollen cloth, alcoholic liquors, flour, earthenware, and glass; while the chief exports are beans (86,223/.), cattle, wool (148,532Z.), goat-skins (66,126Z.), eggs (91,858/.), wax, maize, slippers (77,830/.), bird- seed, almonds and dates.

The value of the trade between Morocco and the United Kingdom in each of the last five years, according to the Board of Trade returns, was : —

Imports into U. K.

from Morocco Exports of British

produce to Morocco

1893

1894

549,687

360,926

1895

£ 404,400

1890

1897

£ 218,309

£ 211,928

494,908 538,685 629,783 i 489,864 ' 412,753

The chief articles of import into the United Kingdom from jSIorocco in 1897 were beans, of the value of 18,558/. (216,0777. in 1893); almonds, 35,593/. ; wool, 59,651/. ; gum, 24,043/. ; goatskins, 37,671/. ; wax, 4,998/. The staple articles of British export to Morocco consists of cotton manufac- tures, to the value of 320,519/. ; caudles, 35,303/. in 1897.

By the Treaty of Wa.l Kas, 1860, the Sultan granted the claim of Spain, although the question has at dittcrent times been raised, to the small territor> of Santa Cruz dc IMar re([uena, south of jMogador, but Spain has not yet taken advantage of the cession. On the Xorth coast of Morocco, Spain occupies positions at Ceuta.and Melilla.

Postal services, under the control of the Moorish, British, or French Government, have been begun, and now six couriers a week pass in each direction between Fez and Tangier, while a bi-weekly service extends to Elksar, Laraiclie, and other towns.

Money, Weights, and Measures.

T777**-

The Blankxd or Muzoona ~ ^ Floos Approximate English value The Ounce or Okia = 4 BlanJcech ,, ,, ,. = \jsts^-

The Mitl-al =10 Owiccs ,, ,, ,t = ^ivs^^'

Spanish dollars and pcsetos, as well as Moorish coins minted for tht Government in France, are current. The values fluctuate, and the market

3 F