Page:Statesman's Year-Book 1899 American Edition.djvu/1183

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MONEY, WEIGHTS, AND MEASURES

cS27

The capital amounts to 20,000,000 guilders, the reserve fund to 5,201,479 guilders. The Bank keeps the State-Treasuiy and the cash of the State Postal Savings-Bank. It receives 5 per cent, of the clear gains ; the remainder is divided between the State and the Bank.

There are many savings-banks, all private. Besides thefc there is a State })ostal savings-bank, established in 1881. The following table gives some par- •ticulars of both : —

Number of

Amount

Amount

Total De- posits at

Number of

Amount

Year

1

Savings Banks

deposited

(in 1,000

gldrs.)

withdrawn

(in 1,000

gldrs.)

end of vear (in 1,000 gldrs.)

Depositors at end of year

per inhabi- tant

1892

Private banks .

246

15,526

15,704

57,267

294,105

12-26 gl.

State P. S. B.

15,370

12,473

27,562

358,483

5-90,,

1893

Private banks .

264

17,353

17,102

66,371

328,137

J4-02,,

State P. S. B.

17,651

13,726

32,247

401,046

6-81 „

1894

Private banks .

282

19,186

16,955

70,027

338,979

14-60,,

State P. S. B.

20,102

15,576

37,651

448,581

7-85,,

1895

Private banks .

282

19,313

17.872

72,584

343,592

14-94,,

State P. S. B.

23,220

17,727

44,185

499,963

9-09 ,,

1896

Private banks .

286

19,536

19,067

76,210

363,325

15-46 ,,

State P. S. B.

28,640

21,191

52,863

561,989

10-73,,

1897

State P. S. B.

31,736

24,407

61,646

627,409

12-32 „

The reserve fund of the private savings banks amounted in 1896 to 105,620,000 guilders.

Money, Weights, and Measures.

Money.

The standard coin is the 10-ilorin piece weighing 6-720 grammes, -900 fine, and thus containing 6-048 grammes of fine gold. The unit of the silver coin- age is the florin, weighing 10 grammes, "945 fine and containing 9-45gi'ammes of tine silver.

Gold is legal tender, and the silver coins issued before 1875.

The principal coins are : —

The gulden, guilder, ox fi or in of 100 cents. =1 sh. 8d. ; or 12 g. =£1.

The rijksdaalder = 2^ guilders.

The gold-piece of ten guilders.

i guilder, I guilder {kicartjc), -^ giiilder {duhheltje), ^ guilder (stuivertje).

Cent coins are : 1 cent, ^ cent, and 2^ cents.

Weights and Measures.

The metric system of weights and measures, and, with trifling changes, the metric denominations are adopted in the Netherlands.