Page:Statesman's Year-Book 1899 American Edition.djvu/1222

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866 PERSIA

The coins in circulation, with their vahies calculated at exchange II. — 50 krans, are

Silver.

Copi)er.

Fdl .... 0'12d.

Shdhi = 2Piil . . . 0-24:d.

Two Shdhts= 4. PHI . . O'dSd

Four Shdhts - (1 Abhdssi) . -^Qd.

Mis =

6-49 lbs

, =

7-30

J =

10-14

=

12-98

, =

25 -96

, —

8-52

J =z

116-80

ins =

649-

Five SkdMs =10 Fill = i Krdnl-20d.

Ten Shdhts = h Krdn . 2A0d.

One Krd7i = 20 Shdhts . 4 -80c?.

Two Krdns . . . 9-60d.

Five Krdns . . .2s. O'OOd. Gold coins are : ^ Toman, ^ Toman, 1 Toman, 2, 5 and 10 Tomans. The Toman is nominally worth 10 Krdns ; very few gold pieces are in circu- lation, and a gold Toman is at present worth 16*50 Krdns = Qs. 7^d.

Accounts are reckoned in dinars, an imaginary coin, the ten-thousandth part of a toman often krans. A kran therefore = 1,000 dinars ; one shahi = 50 dinars.

The unit of weight is the miskal (71 grains), subdivided into 24 nakhods (2-96 grains) of 4 gandum (-74 grain) each. Sixteen miskals make a sir, and 5 sir make an abbassi, also called wakkeh, kervankeh. Most articles are bought and sold by a weight called batman or man. The mans most frequently in use are : —

Man-i- Tabriz =8 Abbdssis . . . = 640 MisTcdls Man-i-Noh Abbdssi = 9 Abbdssts . . = 720 Man-i-Koh7ieh {the old. msin) . . . =1,000 Man-i-Shdh = 2 Tabriz Mans . . . =1,280 Man-i-Eeij = 4: ,, . . . =2,560

Man-i-Bender Abbdsst . . . . = 840

Man-i-ffdshe77ii = 16 Mans o( . . , 720

Corn, straw, coal, &c., are sold by A7i«/'mr = 100 Tah^tz Mans

The unit of measure is the zar or gez ; of this standard several are in use. The most common is the one of 40-95 inches; another, used in Azerbaijan, equals 44-09 inches. A farsakh theoretically = 6, 000 zar of 40-95 inches = 3 -87 miles. Some calculate the farsakh at 6,000 zar of 44-09 inches = 4 -17 miles.

The measure of surface is jerib = 1,000 to 1,066 square zar of 40-95 inches = 1,294 to 1,379 square yards.

Diplomatic Representatives.

1. Of Persia in Great Britain.

Envoy and Minister. — Mirza Mohamed Ali Khan, Ala-es-Sultaneh, ac- credited March 4, 1890.

Secretaries. — Hussein Kuli Khan, Mirza Mehdi Khan, and Mirza Abdul QhufFar Khan.

Consiil- General. — H. S. Foster,

2. Of Great Britain in Persia.

Teherdn: Envoy, Minister, and Consul- General. — SirH.Mo--timer Durand K.C.S.I., K.C.I.E. Appointed May 1, 1894.

Secretary of Legation. — Cecil A. Spring-Rice.

Military Attache and Oriental Secretary. — Lieut. -Col. H. P. Picot.

Tabriz: Consul-Gencral. — Cecil Godfrey Wood.

Resht and Astrabdd : Consul. — H. L. Churchill.

Bushire : Political Resident and Consul-Gencral. — Lieut. -Col. Malcolm Meade.

Vice-Consul. — John C. Gaskin.

Meshed: Consul-Gencral. — Lieut. -Col. H. M. Temple.

Ispahdn : Consiil. — J. R. Preeee.