Page:Statesman's Year-Book 1899 American Edition.djvu/1247

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DEPEND KNCIES 891

12,200 tons. Ill Daiiifio there are 11 salt works, and in Din 5. The military force consists ol" 1,630 men (1,426 natives). The estimated revenue of Goa, &c., in 1898-99 was 924,394 inibeis ; expenditure, 1,070,584 inilreis. The trade chiefly in grain, pulse, and salt, is largely transit. In 1897 the Mar- magoa Custom-house returns showed imports, 644,926 rupees ; exports, 75,186 rupees ; transit, 4,224,787 rupees.

Macao, i" China, situated on an island of the same name at the mouth of the Canton River, forms witli the two small adjacent islands of Taipa and Coloane, a province, the city being divided into two wards, one iiilial>ited l)y Chinese and the other by non-Chinese, each having its own administrator. The population, in 1896, numbered 74,568 Chinese, 3,106 Macao Portugiiese, 615 Portuguese from Portugal, 177 other Portuguese, 161 various nationalities, 78,627 in all. Estimated revenue, 1898-99, 433,575 milreis ; expenditure, 388,929 milreis, including 38,400 milreis, the contribution for the administra- tion of Timor. The trade, mostly transit, is in the hands of Chinese. The most important article of commerce is opium, which is imported raw and exported manufoctured to San Francisco and Australia for the use of the Chinese tliere, but this trade is rapidly declining. The value exported in 1896 was 285,600Z.

Portuguese Timor consists of the eastern portion of the island of that name in the Malay Archipelago, with the neighbouring isle of Pulo Cambing. By treaty of 1859 the island was divided between Portugal and Holland, but by a new convention a second delimitation of the frontier has been agreed to, though not yet can-ied into effect. This possession, formerly administratively joined to Macao, was in 1896 made an independent district, but it still receives a contribution from Macao. Estimated revenue, 1898-99, 146,726 milreis, including 38,400 milreis from Macao ; expenditure, 176,965 milreis. The chief products exported are coffee and wax, but the island is quite undeveloped.

The Cape Verde Islands, fourteen in number, are administered by a Governor, whose seat is at Praia, the capital. The- population is of mixed race, descended from early Portuguese settlers and negroes of various tribes introduced from Guinea. The chief products are coffee, medicinal produce, and millet. The estimated revenue in 1898-99 was 336,400 milreis ; expenditure, 292,739 miliL-is. Imports, in 1896, 1,595,900 milreis; exports, 386,500 milreis.

Portuguese Guinea, "^ the coast of Senegambia, is bounded by the limits fixed by the convention of May 12, 1886, with France, and is entirely enclosed on the land side by Frencli possessions. It includes the adjacent archipelago of Bijagoz, with the island of Bolama, in which the capital of the same name is situated. The chief commercial products are rubber, wax, oil seeds, ivory, hides. Estimated revenue, 1898-99, 72,280 milreis ; ex- penditure, 180,854 milreis. Imports in 1895, value 283,000 milreis ; exports, 221,000 milreis. The chief port is Bissau.

The islands of S. Thome and Principe constitute a province under a Governor. The population consists mainly of Creoles and negroes. The islands are hilly, the soil volcanic, and the vegetation rich and various. The chief commercial products are cacao (average yield in Principe, 600,000 kilos. ), coffee (in S. Thome, 2,250,000 .kilos.)', and cinchona. Estimated revenue, 1898-99,356,373 milreis; expenditure, 292,971 milreis. Imports (1896), value 1,055,500 milreis; exports (1896), 2,283,917 milreis.

Angola* "^\ith a coast-line of over 1,000 miles, is separated from French Congo by the boundaries assigned by the convention of 5lay 12, 1886 ; from