Page:Statesman's Year-Book 1899 American Edition.djvu/129

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FORESTRY

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The following statement shows the quantity of wool retained for con- sumption in tlie United States for the years 1890 to 1898, inclusive. As the wool clip of the year reaches the market during the governmental fiscal year, the clip of any year is added to the imports of the fiscal year then about to begin, so the manufacturers' available supply is very fairly indicated by this combination of home product and imports : WOOL PRODUCED, IMPORTED, EXPORTED, AND RETAINED FOR CONSUMPTION, 1890-1898, FISCAL YEARS i

Year Total Im- ports Exports, Domestic and Foreign Net Impouts Produc- tion Retained for Con- sumption Fine Wool Classes I and II Class III Retained for Con- sumption Per cent of Foreign 1890-91 1891-92 1892-93 1893-94 1894-95 189^96 1896-97 1897-98 1898-99 1*0 amis 129,303,648 1 4 s, 670, 652 172,433,8;38 55,152,585 206,081,890 230,911,473 350,852,026 132,795,302 Pounds 2,930,045 3,210,019 4,310,495 6,497,654 6,622,19(1 12,972,217 8,700,598 2,625,971 Pounds 36,783,501 53,350,167 46,189,082 7,167,8.s0 98,388,31b 126,966,355 235,282,735 47,480,038 Pounds 89.S82.024 92,312,922 122,026,119 42,007,798 105,402,507 97,918,8S2 112,141,4.^7 82,810,437 Pounds 309,474,856 •� ;o7,101,.5()T 333,018,405 348,538,138 325,210,712 294,296,726 272,474, 7(1^ 259,153,251 266,720,684 Pounds .1,S5, 848,4.59 452, .562, 14(1 5(11, 141,74s 397,193,069 524,722,428 512,235,982 614,627,365 389,322,582 Pounds 345,966,435 .•1(;( 1,219,2 18 379,115,629 355,185,271 419,319,921 414,317,100 502,485,908 306,512,145 10.63 14.81 12.18 2.(12 23.46 30. W 46.84 15.50

1 The yearly exports of domestic wool have never exceeded 500,000 pounds except as follows :

1893-94 1895-96

520,247 pounds 6,945,981

1894-95 1896-97

4,279,109 pounds 5,271,535 "

Forestry There are no statistics of forestry in the United States, and the following data, supplied by the Forestry Division of the Department of Agriculture, are only approximations. The forest area (exclusive of Alaska) is somewhat under 500,000,000 acres, about seven-tenths being on the Atlantic side, one-tenth on the Pacific coast, one-tenth on the Kocky Mountains, and one-tenth in the interior of the Western States. A rough and liberal estimate puts the quantity of timber standing and ready for the axe at 2,300,000,000,000 feet, B.M., while the total annual cut, including all material requiring bolt or log size, is estimated at 40,000,000,000 feet, B.M., three-fourths being conifers, and the remainder oak and other hard woods. The value of the forest raw material handled, in forest industries only, in the census year 1890, was put at ^245,169,000, and of the products at $446,034,000, the capital employed being $561,943,000, and the employees numbering 347,700. If other kindred industries are included, the value of the raw material was $688,339,000; and of the products, $1,352,742,000.