Page:Statesman's Year-Book 1899 American Edition.djvu/1368

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012

SPAIN

Area and Population. The following table gives the area and population of each of the forty-nine provinces into which the Kingdom is divided, accordina: to the census of 1887 : — -

Area in

Total

Pop.

Area in

Total

Pop.

Province

square

Popula-

per sq.

Province

square

Popula-

per sq.

miles

tion, 1887

mile

miles

tion, 1887

mile

Alava

1,205

92,915

78 i

Logrono .

1,945

181,465

93

Albacete .

5,972

229,102

39 j

Lugo

3,787

432,165

113

Alicante .

2,098

433,050

206

Madrid .

2,997

682,644

228

Alnieria .

3,302

339,452

102

Malaga .

2,824

519,977

183

Avila

2,981

193,093

64

Murcia .

4,478

491,436

109

Badajoz .

i 8,687

481.508

55

Navarra .

6,046

304,122

50

Baleares .

1,860

312,593

168

Orense .

2,739

405,127

147

Barcelona

2,985

902,970

301

Oviedo .

4,091

595,420

145

Burgos .

5,650

338,551

59 42

Palencia .

3,126

188,845

60

Caceres .

8,013

339,793

Pontevedra .

1,739

443,385

254

Cadiz

2,809

429,872

152

Salamanca

4.940

314,472

63

Canarias .

2,808

291,625

102

Santandcr

2,113

244,274

114

(Jastellon dc la

'

Segovia .

2,714

154,443

56

Plana .

2,446

292,437

110

1 Sevilla .

5,295

.544,815

102

Cindad-Real .

7,840

292,291

37

i S6ria

3,836

151,530

39

Coi'doba .

5,190

420,728

81

Tarragona

2,451

348,579

142

Coruiia .

3,079

613,881

199

Teruel .

5,491

241,865

44

Cuenca .

6,725

242,460

35

i Toledo .

5,586

359,562

64

Gerona .

2,272

306,583

134

1 Valencia .

4,352

733,978

168

Granada .

' 4,937

484,638

98

Valladolid

3,043

267,148

87

Guadalajara .

4,870

201,518

41

Vizcaya .

849

235,659

277

Guipuzcoa

728

181,845

249

Zamora .

4,135

270,072

65

Huelva .

4,122

254.831

61

Zaragoza.

6,607

415,195

62

Huesca .

5,878

255il37

43

N. & W. Coast

Jaen

5,184

437,842

84

of Africa

13

5,280

391

Leon

6,107

380,637 285,417

61

L6rida .

4,775

59

Total

197,670

17,565,632

88

There were in 1887, 8,612,524 males and 8,953,108 females.

The legal population as distinct from the population present was returned at 17,673,838. The area of continental Spain is 491, 100 square miles, and its population (1887) 16,945,786.

The population of Ceuta, included in that of Cadiz, is 9,694. Besides Ceuta, Spain has, on the African Coast, the Port of Peiion de Velez, the Alhucemas and Chafarinas Islands, and the port of Melilla. These African possessions are used chiefly as convict stations. According to the census returns of 1887, there were in Spain at that date 42,395 resident foreigners — the mass of them in four provinces — namely, Barcelona, Cadiz, Gerona, and Madrid. The Ba.sques in the North, numbering 440,000, differ in race and language from the rest of Spain ; there are 60,000 Morescoes in the South, 50,000 gipsies, and a small number of Jews.

In 1789 tlie jiopulation was estimated to number 10,061,480 ; in 1820 it was 11,000,000 ; in 1828, 13,698,029 ; in 1846, 12,168,774, and it was at the census of 1860, 15,658,531. At the census of 1877 the population amounted to 16,634,345, being an increase of 976,814 in the course of seventeen years, or at the rate of about 0-35 per cent, per annum ; in 1887 it was 17,565,632, being an increase of 831,287 in ten years, or at the rate of 0*47 per cent, per anntim.

The following were the populations of the principal towns in 1887, vi'^. :—