Page:Statesman's Year-Book 1899 American Edition.djvu/231

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DEPENDENT CLASSES — STRIKES Ccix 4212 females ; negroes, 5788 males and 4786 females ; Chinese, Japanese, and civilized Indians, 22 males and 16 females. The number of idiots reported in 1880 was 76,895, but of this number over 29 per cent was obtained from special returns made by physicians. In 1890 the physicians did not make any special reports for this class of the population, so that the proportion of feeble-minded to total popula- tion returned by the enumerators is greater than it was in 1880. In both the Tenth and Eleventh censuses a certain number of persons were re- ported as idiots or as feeble-minded who should properly be reported among the insane, being cases of terminal or of senile dementia. It should also be noted that in 1880 every case of insanity which was reported as having commenced under the age of 12 years was reported as an idiot, wliile in 1890 the age limit is lowered to 10. The Deaf and Dumb. — The total number of deaf and dumb in the United States on June 1, 1890, was 40,592 : whites, 37,447 ; negroes, 3115 ; Chinese, Japanese, and civilized Indians, 30. The number of deaf and dumb males was 22,429, and of deaf and dumb females, 18,163. According to general nativity and color, the sexes are divided as follows : native whites, 18,281 males and 14,997 females; foreign whites, 2358 males and 1811 females ; negroes, 1772 males and 1343 females ; Chinese, Japanese, and civilized Indians, 18 males and 12 females. The total number of deaf and dumb reported in 1880 was 33,878. In accordance with the recommendations of a special committee of American instructors of the deaf, it was decided to collect information for the Eleventh Census with regard to all persons in the United States, excluding Chinese, Japanese, and civilized Indians, reported as being so deaf as to be unable to hear loud conversation, whether they were able to speak or not. The number of such persons on June 1, 1890, was 121,178, of whom 80,016 were able to speak but were so deaf as to be unable to hear loud conversation: males, 49,278 ; females, 31,338; whites, 77,308; negroes, 33080. Of the 8,616, 521 were from 5 to 10 years of age, 3142 were from 10 to 20 years of age, 28,008 were between 20 and 50 years of age, and 48,227 were 50 years of age and over. Those not able to speak numbered 40,562 : males, 22,411 ; females, 18,151 ; native wliites, 18,281 males and 14.997 females ; foreign whites, 2358 males and 1811 females ; negroes, 1772 males and 1343 females. 77^6 Blind. — The total number of blind in the United States on June 1, 1890, was 50,568: whites, 43,351; negroes, 7060; Chinese, Japanese, and civilized Indians, 157. The number of blind males was 28,080, and of blind females, 22,488. According to general nativity and color, the sexes are divided as follows : native whites, 18,803 males and 15,402 females; foreign whites, 5471 males and 3675 females ; negroes, 3709 males and 3351 females ; Chinese, Japanese, and civilized Indians, 97 males and 60 females. The total number of blind reported in 1880 was 48,928. The number of blind in one eye only, reported in 1890, was 93,988 : males, 68,605 ; females, 25,383 ; native whites, 50,333 males and 18,284 females ; foreign whites, 12,004 males and 3757 females ; negroes, 6268 males and 3342 females. Strikes and Lockouts There has been no general collection of statistics relative to strikes and lockouts since 1894, although a few State Bureaus