Page:Statesman's Year-Book 1899 American Edition.djvu/256

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CCXXXiv UNITED STATES HAWAIIAN 8UGAK PLANTATION STATISTICS, VARIOUS YEARS, 1875 TO 1897

Year Sugar Molasses Total Export Value Pounds Value Gallons Value 1875 . 1880 . 1885 . 1890 . 1895 . 1S96 . 1897 . 25,080,182 63,584,871 171,350,314 259,789,402 294,784,819 443,509,282 520,158,232 $1,210,388.82 4,322,711.48 8,350,001.94 12,159,585.01 7,975,590.41 14,932,172.82 15,390,422.13 93,722 198,355 57,941 74,920 44,970 15,885 33,770 $12,183.86 29,75;3.52 7,050.00 7,603.29 3,037.8;3 1,209.72 2,892.72 $1,228,572.68 4,352,4(>4.73 8,363,111.94 12,167,188.30 7,978,628.24 14,933,382.54 15,393,314.85

PLAXTATION LABOR STATISTICS NUMBER AND NATIONALITY OF SUGAR PLANTATION LABORERS [Compiled from latest Report of Secretary Bureau of Immigration, Dec. 31, 1897]

Islands Hawaiians Portu- guese Japanese Chinese S. S. Islanders All Others Total Hawaii . Maui Oahu Kauai . Total 1897 Total 1896 Decrease 1897 Increase 1897 425 534 242 296 952 496 211 559 5,021 2,031 1,691 3,325 2,995 1,529 1,687 1,903 20 36 2 23 267 156 31 221 9,6S0 4,782 3,864 6,327 1.4'. �7 2,218 12,068 8,114 81 675 24,65:3 1,015 2,268 • r2,,s93 6,289 115 600 23,780 118 50 725 84

1,825

75 873

Notwithstanding the preference of planters for Hawaiian laborers it is notable that their numbers are still diminishing. In this, as in all other avenues of labor open to them, they look with apparent indifference to the necessary employment of alien help to maintain the established in- dustries of their country, and yet there are those who decry the gradual crowding of Hawaiians to the wall. Female help on the various plantations which in 1806 numbered 1024 — a gain of 89 over the previous year — has dropped down to 802 in 1807. Of tliis number 740 are Japanese, 108 Portuguese, and 35 Hawaiians ; this latter nationality being confined to the Mormon community at Laie,. Oahu. In all other parts of the islands they have ceased to be a factor. The exports of sugar for the force of labor engaged in its cultivation and manufacture the past three years shows the following gradually increased result: 1805, nearly 7^ tons; 180(5, a little over 9^ tons, and in 1897 very nearly 10| tons per capita employed.

Commerce, Shipping, and Communications The islands are to a great extent mountainous and volcanic, but the soil is highly fertile and productive. Sugar and rice are the staple indus- tries, while coffee, hides, bananas, and wool are also exported. The fol- lowing table shows the commerce for 1897.