Page:Statesman's Year-Book 1899 American Edition.djvu/417

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TEXTILE INDUSTRY

77

The subjoined table exhibits the total quantities of wool — slieep, lamb, and alpaca — imported, exported, and retained for home consumption in 1874 and during the last five years : —

V^lQV Total Imports of Total Exports of Retained for Home Wool Wool Consumption Lbs. Lbs. Lbs. 1874 344,470,897 144,294,663 335,789,414 1893 677,947,464 346,369,110 331,578,354 1894 705,467,947 345,927,043 359,540,904 1895 775,379,063 404,935,226 370,443,837 1896 718,537,253 334,691,803 383,845,450 1897 740,748,963 371,502,812 369,246,151

Of the total quantity imported in 1897, 491,310,839 lbs. came from Australasia. The following tabular statement gives a summary of the statistics of textile factories in ea,ch of the three divisions of the United Kingdom in 1890 :—

03 •c fit O U

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O u ^ " s a S o H t4 o S o Children working Half Time Males under 18 Years working Full Time Females above 13 Years working Full Time. Males above 18 Years Total Number Employed m 1 a f^ 03 m 3 England and Wales Scotland Ireland Total of the United Kingdom . 6,180 747 263 50,211,216 2,413,735 1,016,111 722,406 71,471 28,612 35,166 2,915 2,477 40,558 38,653 3,862 3,426 72,517 10,532 5,647 461,751 104,343 44,514 250,165 32,939 15,724 357,848 46,386 23,848 500,404 108,205 47,940 858,25;i 154,591 71,788 7,190 53,641,062 822,489 45,941 86,968 610,608 298,828 428,082 656,549 1,084,631

With regard to the material manufactured, the factories were distributed as follows: — cotton 2,538, wool 1,793, shoddy 125, worsted 753, flax 375, hemp 105, jute 116, hair 42, cocoanut fibre 24, silk 623, lace 403, hosiery 257, elastic 54. Of the spindles, 48,409,733 were spinning or throwing spindles and 5,321,329 doubling spindles. Of the total number of persons employed there were 40,558 male, 45,941 female children, working half time. There were 88,696 males between thirteen and eighteen years of age, and 610,608 females over thirteen. Comparing the return of 1890 with that of 1885, we find a decrease in the number of factories of 275, but an increase in the number of spindles of 560,950, and an increase of power-looms of