Page:Statesman's Year-Book 1899 American Edition.djvu/493

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^iiObtCTION AND INDUSTRY

149

The area actually cropped in 1896-97 was 177,456,929 acres, representing in the various administrations the following,' proportions of the net area sur- veyed, lor wliicii returns are available (,537,346,026 acres) : —

Bengal . . 9'64 per cent. N.-W. Provinces 4*23 ,, Oudh . . .1-5 Punjab . .3-01 ,, Central Provinces 2*81 ,, Upper Burma .0*4 ,, Lower Burma .112

. 0'41 per cent. . 1-16

Assam Berar Coorg Madras Bombay Sind . Ajmere The following table shows, according to provinces, the total acreage oVer which were grown the chief crops of British India in 1896-97 : —

0-04 4-39 3-58 0-6 •07

Administra- Other Food Sugar Oil To- tions Upper Burma Rice Wheat Grains Cane 1,910 Tea Cotton Seeds Indigo bacco. 1,148.348 13,947 738,089 1,208 100,882 383,580 620 23,663 Lower Burnja 6,451,451 14 45,445 12,368; — 30,675 24,702 4 31,598 Assam . 1,583,043 84 78,702 20,5681291,899 2,139 203,112 1,02C Beiigil . 36,541,500 1,374,800 10,675,800 839,800!l05,700 146,300 3,512,800 562,500 641,500 N.-W. Provs. 3,954,500 3,763,085 14,285,918 967,699 7,919 1,116,267 405,261 413,724 46,791 Oudh . 2,693,181 1,196,023 6,618,064 246,460 — 34,649 168,769 22,877 . 16,786 Ajmere . 607 24,573 294,130 498 — 61,781 44,329 70 21 Parganii Manpur 90 1,894 3,594 49 — 589 __ - , Punjab . 551,504 6,044,432 8,298,779 398,202 9,905 994,368 672,904 123,753 64,427 Sind 734,539 388,920 l,6ii0,761 3,180 — 121,794 346,950 11,802 11,026 Bombay . 1,665,713 1,032,728 13,017.080 66,1781 1 2,414,505 1,177,614 3,411 71,807 Central Provs 5,162,008 1,932,842 5,770,626 34,760 — 737,104 1,522,542 245 9,735 Berar . . 1 40,283 390,368 3,058,163 2,133i — 2,304,237 380,632 54 12,280 Madras . Coorg . Total 6,612,567 95,151 20,282 14,593,050 18,743 57,916 2,651,721 7,300 1,394,134 1,688,020 60 454,748 86,650 20 66,234,4851 16,183,987' 78,237,544 423,932 9,458,842 10,531,864 1,683,808 1,000,230

Besides cotton, other fibres occupied 2,817,101 acres, 2,215,105 of which grew jute. Coffee plantations occupy 147,158 acres, of which 60,773 acres were in Madras, and 84,820 acres in Coorg. Food crops, other than cereals and pulses, cover 6,017,127 acres. In 1896-97 22,904,618 acres were cropped more than once, giving a total area under crops of 199,862,373 acres. Reckoning twice over the land irrigated for both harvests, 29,365,493 acres were under irrigation by canals, tanks, wells, and otherwise. The following table shows the area irrigated by, and the gross revenue derived from, major and minor irrigation works during the last five years ending March 31 : —

Major works Minor works Total Area irrigated Gross revenue realized Area irrigated Gross reveuue realized ftx 607,549 636,372 613,861 497,899 1,786,658 Area irrigated Gross revenue realized 1893 1894 1895 1896 1897 Acres 7,043,286 6,949,381 6,259,870 7,955,529 10,172,493 Rx. 2,552,415 2,417,757 2,602,731 2,541,947 3,386,183 Acres 2,272,091 2,116,964 2,194,441 2,043,790 6,706,531 Acres 9,315,377 9,066,345 8,454,311 9,999,319 16,879,024 Rx. 3,159,964 3,054,129 3,216,592 3,039,860 5,172,841