Page:Statesman's Year-Book 1899 American Edition.djvu/568

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224

THE BRITISH EMPIRE : —CANADA

There are no vital statistics collected for the Dominion ; it is therefore impossible to say what is the rate of natural increase of the population. The death rate per 1,000 was as follows in 1891 in the towns named: — Montreal, 28-11; Toronto, 15-61; Quebec, 41*11; Hamilton, 16*23; Halifax, 20-51 ; Ottawa, 21-35 ; St. John, KB., 19-75 ; Winnipeg, 14-66; Victoria, B.C., 19-35.

As it has been found impossible to collect trustworthy figures, no returns concerning emigration and immigration are now published. A tax of 50 dollars a head is levied on all Chinamen landing at Vancouver, but the number of Chinese immigrants is largely on the increase.

Religion.

There is no State Church in the whole of British North America. The Church of England is governed by twenty bishops, with about 1,000 clergy ; the Roman Catholic Church by one cardinal, seven archbishops, twenty-three bishops, and about 1,500 clergy ; and the Presbyterian Church in Canada, with about 1,000 ministers — formed in 1875 by the union of two formerly dis- tinct bodies — by presbyteries, synods, and an annual assembly as in the Scotch Church, with 2,358 churches and stations. The Methodists have 1,700 and the Baptists about 500 ministers. All these bodies have one or more divinity schools. The number of members of each religious creed in the Dominion was as follows at the census of April 6, 1891 : —

Roman Catholics

Presbyterians

Anglicans

Methodists .

Baptists

Lutherans

1,992,017 755,326 646,059 847,765 303,839 63,982

Congregationalists , Miscellaneous creeds. No creed stated

Total

28,157 106,739 189,355

4,833,239

Including Pagans.

The following shows the numbers of the leading denominations in the several provinces according to the census of 1891 : —

Province

Roman Catholic

358,300

Church of England

385,999

Presby- terian

Methodist

Baptist 106,047

Ontario

453,147 654,033

Quebec

1,291,709

75,472

52,673

39,544

7,991

Nova Scotia

122,452

64,410

108,952

54,195

83,122

New Brunswick .

115,961

43,095

40,639

35,504

79,649

Manitoba .

20,571

30,852

39,.001

28,437

16,112

British Columbia

20,843

23,619

15,284

14,298

3,098

Prince Edward Island .

47,837

6,646

33,072

13,596

6,265

The Territories .

14,344

15,966

12,558

8,158

1,555