Page:Statesman's Year-Book 1899 American Edition.djvu/578

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234

THE BRITISH EMPIRE: — CANADA

Articles

1893

£

1,234,305

1,413,965

753,517

512,635

1894 £

759,365

1,040,063

642,449

381,424

1895

1896

1897

Iron, Avroiight & unwrought Woollens Cottons . Apparel, &c. .

£

674,485

1,104,444

700,977

452,066

£

626,976

1,071,298

710,256

411,718

£

541,660

1,083,918

727,170

360,228

Shipping and Navigation.

On December 31, 1896, tlie registered shipping of Canada, including vessels for inland navigation, comprised (according to Board of Trade statistics) 1,755 steamers of 145,900 tons net, and 4,824 sailing vessels of 562,254 tons net; total 6,579 vessels of 708,154 tons net. The tonnage that entered and cleared during the year 1897 at Canadian ports was as follows : —

"Vessels.

Entered.

Cleared.

Sea-going :

Canadian .... British .... Foreign ....

Total .... Inland Lake :

Canadian .... United States .

Total ....

Coasting :

British and Canadian Foreign ....

Total.

Grand Total

i Tons. . \ 914,319 2,807,340 2,369,774

Tons.

973,853 2,586,095 2,359,599

. , 6,091,433

. I 2,606,741 2,110,104

5,919,547

2,306,402 4,339,706

4,716,845

14,357,723 82,013

6,646,108

12,759,398 68,845

. ; 14,439,736

12,828,243

25,248,014

25,393,898

Internal Communications.

Canada has a system of canal, river, and lake navigation over 2,700 miles in length, and vessels from the lake ports reach the Atlantic Avithout breaking bulk. Up to 1897, 71,750,000 dollars had been spent on canals for construction alone. In 1896, 25,622 vessels, of 4,677,826 tons, passed through the Cana- dian canals, carrying 151,342 passengers and 3,413,674 tons of freight, chiefly grain, timber, and coal.

The Dominion of Canada had a network of railways of a total length of 16,687 miles completed at the end of June 1897, being an increase of 300 miles over that of 1896. The number of miles in o})eration was 16,550. The Cana- dian Pacific Railway main line from Montreal to Vancouver is 2,906 miles in length. By means of this railway and a line of Paciiic steamers subsidised by the Imperial and Dominion Governments, Montreal and Yokohama have been brought within 14 days of one another. There is a monthly steam service between Australia and British Columbia, for which the Dominion Government gives 25,000/. a year and the Australian 12,000Z. a year.