Page:Statesman's Year-Book 1899 American Edition.djvu/582

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2.38

THE BRITISH EMPIRE : — FALKLAND ISLANDS

Roberts (C. D. G.), The Canadian Guide-Book. 2 vols. 8. London, 1892.— History of Canada. Boston, 1897.

Royal Society of Canada. 1.5 vols. 1883-1897.

ii!/ej-so?i (Rev. E., D.D., LL.D.), The Loyalists of America and their Times. 2 vols. Toronto, 1880.

Selwy}i(A. R. C), and Dawson (G. M.), Descriptive Sketch of the Physical Geography and Geology of the Dominion of Canada. Montreal, 1884.

Short (A. ), Early History of Canadian Banking.

Silver ^ Go.'s Handbook to Canada. London.

Somerset (H. S.), The Land of the Muskeg. [British Columbia.] London, 1895.

Todd (Dr. Alphcus, C.M.G.), Parliamentary Government in the British Colonies. Boston, 1880.

Tuttle (C. R.), Our North Land ; being a full account of the Canadian North-West and Hudson's Bay Route. Toronto, 1885.

Tiirrell (J. W. ), Across the Sub- Arctics of Canada. London, 1898.

Wheeler (G. J.). Confederation Law of Canada. London, 1896.

Willmott (A. B.), Mineral Wealth of Canada. London, 1898.

Winsor (J.), The Struggle in America between England and France, 1697-1763. London, 1S95.

FALKLAND ISLANDS.

Governor. — Wm. Grey Wilson, C.M.G. Salary 1,200Z. per annum.

Crown colony situated in South Atlantic, 300 miles E. of Magellan Straits East Falkland, 3,000 square miles ; West Falkland, 2,300 square miles ; about 100 small islands, 1,200 square miles: total 6,500 square miles; besides South Georgia, 1,000 square miles. Population : (census 1891) 1,789 ; male 1,086, females 703, foreigners 123. Total in 1897, 2,050. The population is about "3 per square mile ; birth-rate 28, and the death-rate 7 '31 per 1,000. No religious census taken. Chief town, Stanley, 694 inhabitants.

Education : 2 Government schools, with 111 on the roll, in 1897 ; 1 Roman Catholic school, with 59 on the roll ; 1 Baptist school with 36 on the roll ; the Darwin school has 25 pupils. There are, besides, 2 travelling school- masters in the West Falklands.

The government is administered by the Governor, assisted by an Execu- tive Council and a Legislative Council.

No naval or military forces, except a volunteer corps with 44 efficients, 39 non-efficients ; total 83 in 1897.

1S93

1894

1895

1896

1897 j

Revenue . Expenditure . Imports . Exports .

£

11,450

11,388

71,126

134,872

&

11,958

12,395

62,270

131,801

£

12,518

13,159

71,826

122,988

£

12,358

13,569

69,985

132,194

£

12,970 13,636 ' 63,286 125,123 1

Chief sources of revenue (1897): Customs, 3,638Z., and rents of crown lands, 4,936Z. Chief branches of expenditure : Mails, 2,872Z. ; public works, 2,266/.

Leading exports : Wool, hides and skins, and tallow. Provision.s, wearing apparel, timber and ])uil ironmongery.

Imports from United Kingdom (1897) 54,225/. ; from other countries, 9,061/. Exports to United Kingdom 123,186/. ; to other countries 1,937Z.

Chief imjiorts : ling materials, machinery and