trees. Civet, coftee, and wax are exported in considerable quantities; gold (found in the Wallega and Beni Shángul districts) and ivory (obtained in the Wallega and Galla country) are also exported, but the trade in these articles is controlled by the king, who receives tribute in these materials. The gold is shipped to India, and the ivory to India, Egypt and Europe. The imports consist chiefly of English, American, and Indian cottons; wool and woollen goods; Turkey red; French mirrors, razors, and cutlery; Italian and Swedish matches. The exports from Great Britain to Abyssinia in 1895 amounted to 10,416 £.; in 1896, 10,798 £.; in 1897, 16,583 £.
A railway from the port of Jiboutil in French Somaliland to Harrar in the south-east of Abyssinia, a distance of about 186 miles, is projected. About 70 miles of the route have been surveyed, and 12 miles of the line laid down. There is a telegraph line between Adis Abeba and Harrar.
The current coin of Abyssinia is the Maria Theresa dollar, but a new coinage has been resolved on, with the Menelik dollar for the standard coin. This new coin, by law equal to the Maria Theresa dollar, is said to have actually only four-fifths of its value.
The Abyssinian ounce weighs about 430 grains (the weight of the Maria Theresa dollar); a pound of ivory contains 12 ounces; of coffee, 18 ounces; the Abyssinian ferasla oontains 40 pounds (ivory). Grain measures are the kunna, 1⁄8 bushel; and the daula, 21⁄2 bushels. The mètre is largely used at Harrar; native measures are the sinze, about 8 inches, and the kend, 18 inches.
British Agent.—Lieut, J. J. Harrington.
Books of Reference concerning Abyssinia.
Foreign Office Reports, Annual Series, Nos. 1924 and 1978. London, 1897.
Bent (Theodore), The Sacred City of the Ethiopians; a visit to Aksum in Abyssinia in 1893. 8. London, 1893.
Blanford (W. T.), The Geology and Zoology of Abyssinia. 8. London, 1870.
Borelli (J.), Ethiopie Meridionale (1885-88). Fol. Paris, 1890.
Bruce (James), Travels to discover the Sources of the Nile, 1768-73. 5 vols. 4. Edinburgh, 1790.
Combes (P.), L'Abyssinie en 1896. Paris, 1896.
D'Abbadie (Antoine), Géodésie d'Ethiopie. Paris, 1860-73.— Geographie de l'Ethiopie. Paris, 1890.
Dufton (H.), A Journey through Abyssinia (1862-63). London, 1867.
Fumagalli (G.), Bibliografia Etiopica. Milan, 1893.
Gleichen (Count), With the Mission to Menelik. London, 1898.
Harris (Sir W. Corn wallis), The Highlands of Ethiopia. 3 vols. 8. London, 1844.
Hertslet (Sir E.), The Maj) of Africa by Treaty. 2nd ed. Vol. I. London, 1896.
Johnston (Sir Harry), History of the Colonisation of Africa. Cambridge i899.
Keltie (J. S.), The Partition of Africa. London, 1895.
Lauribar (P. de), Douze Ans en Abyssinie. Paris, 1898.
Lefebvre (Theophile), Voyage en Abyssinie 1839-43. 6 vols. Paris, 1845-54.
Massaja (G.), I miei Treutacinque anni di Missione nell' Alta Etiopia. 7 vols. Fol. Rome, 1885-89.
Orléans (Prince. H. d'), Une Visite a Ménélick. Paris, 1898.
Ortroz (F. Van). Conventions Internationales Concernant l'Afrique. Brussels, 1898.
Portal (Sir G. H.), My Mission to Abyssinia. 8. London, 1892.
Raffray (Achille), Afriqne Orientale, Abyssinie. 12. Paris, 1876.
Rassam (Hormuzd), Narrative of the British Mission to Abyssinia. 2 vols. 8. London, 1869.
Réclus, Universal Geography. Vol. X.
Rohlfs (G.), Meine Mission nach Abessinien, &c., 1880-81. 8 Leipzig, 1883.
Rüppell (W. P. E. S.), Reise in Abyssinien. 2 vols. Frankfurt-am-Main, 1832-40.
Stanley (H. M.), Magdala : Story of the Campaign, 1866-67. New ed. London 1896.
Stern (Henry A.), Wanderings among the Falashas of Abyssinia. 8. London, 1862.
Vanderheym (J. G.), Une Expédition avec le Négous Ménélik. Paris, 1896.
Vigneras (S.), Une Mission Française en Abyssinie. Paris, 1897.
Wilkins (H. St. Clair), Reconnoitring in Abyssinia. 8. London, 1870.