Page:Statesman's Year-Book 1899 American Edition.djvu/732

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376

AUSTRIA

Universities i ^"""^f- jsors, &c.

1 Students |

5,796 1,232 1

1

2,470

Universities

Profes- sors, (fee.

Students

Vienna

f German Prague J Bohe-

[ mian Graz

444 166

168 140

Cracow Lemberg . Innsbruck Czernowitz

153 84

111 40

1,201

1,640

938

369

1,421 ;

i

Total

1,306 < 14,887 j

In addition to the universities there are in Austria 48 theological colleges — viz. : 44 Roman Catholic, 1 Greek Catholic, 1 Armenian Catholic, 1 Greek Oriental, and 1 Protestant, with a total of 2,068 students.

There are six Government technical high schools for various branches of engineering and technical chemistry, and a high school for agriculture in Vienna. In 1896 the numbers were : —

1

Teachers

Students

Teachers

52

58 44 48

Students

214 309 261 267

Vienna

Prague|g^"^^l^ • ° (^ Bohemian

106

49 75

1,258

347 664

Graz Lemberg Briinn . Vienna .

There are besides 3,199 special technical institutes in Austria, training in agriculture, industries of all kinds, art, music, mining, commerce, &c., with 208,606 students.

Included in these (1896) were 180 commercial schools, 937 industrial, 127 agricultural and forestry, 6 lower schools of mining, 3 nautical schools, S veterinary schools, and 535 music schools.

In 7,524 of the public elementary schools in Austria (1896) the language used was German ; in 4,778 Czech (mainly in Bohemia and Moravia) ; and in 4,855, other Slav dialects ; 797 Italian, 108 Roumanian, 3 Magyar ; and in 284 more than one language. According to official statistics, 87 '5 per cent, of the chil- dren of school age were attending school in Austria in 1896.

In 1897, 2,523 periodicals of various kinds were published in Austria, 111 being daily papers. Of the whole, 1,610 were in German, 491 in Cecil, the rest being in Polnish, Slovenian, Ruthenian, Italian, Hebrew, &c.

Justice and Crime.

In Austria the ordinary judicial authorities are : —

(1) The Supreme Court of Justice and Court of Cassation (Oberste Gerichts-und Kassationshof) in Vienna; (2) The 9 higher provincial courts (Oberlandesgerichte). (3) The 71 jtrovincial and district courts (Landes- und Kreisgerichte), and, in connection with these, the jury courts (Geschwo- renengerichte). (4) The 937 county courts (Bezirksgerichte), Qi these, tUe