Page:Statesman's Year-Book 1899 American Edition.djvu/737

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PRODUCTION AND INDUSTRY — MINING

381

Silk-culture, by the law of 1885, is exclusively in the hamls oi" the Government. The produce of cocoons in Austria in 1895 was 1,968,562 kilogrammes.

There are 127 agricultural institutions in Austria, with 4,282 pupils in 1895-96.

The administration of the forests and domains belonging to the State is in the hands of {a) the Administrators of Forests and Domains (the heads of husbandry) ; {b) the Direction of Forests and Domains ; (c) the Ministry of Agriculture. Under the Administration of Domains and Forests is an extensive association of forestry officials, and schools of various grades for Dractical training in forestry.

The total area under forest in Austria (1895) is 9,709,620 hectares, and of this 6,828,415 hectares are under pines, and 1,425,353 hectares under other trees.

II. Mining.

Mines are worked for common coal chiefly in Bohemia, Silesia, ^Moravia, and Galicia ; for brown coal in Bohemia, Styria, Upper Austria, Carniola, and Moravia. Iron ore is worked in Styria, Bohemia, Carinthia, Moravia, and Galicia ; silver ore in Bohemia ; quicksilver in Carniola ; copper ore in Salzburg ; lead ore in Styria, Galicia, Bohemia ; zinc in Galicia, Carinthia, Tyrol, and Vorarlberg ; sulphur in Bohemia, Tyrol, and Vorarl- berg ; manganese in Styria and Carniola ; alum in Bohemia ; graphite in Bohemia ; petroleum and ozokerit in Galicia ; while the largest production of salt is from Galicia, Upper Austria, and the Coast Land.

In mining there were employed in Austria in 1896, 119,797 men, 6,561 women, 5,814 juveniles, and 10 children ; total 132,182 persons. In smelting there were employed 11,841 men, 1,143 women, 678 juveniles, 284 children ; total 13,946 persons.

The following table shows the value of the chief mineral and furnace products in thousands of florins : —

Common Coal

Brown Coal

Raw Iron

Lead

Quick- silver

Zinc

Silver

Copper

1880 .

19,336

15,375

15,253

1,739

775

713

2,696

382

1890 .

30,401

27,639

27,311

1,399

1,596

1,467

3,197

602

1893 .

33,550

34,040

24,186

1,104

1,068

1,213

3,330

568

1894 .

33,183

32,290

26,750

1,113

1,057

1,269

3,032

745

1895 .

34,104

34,923

27,771

1,205

1,169

1,096

2,525

461

1896

35,255

36,228

28,781

1,527

1,150

1,284

2,141

553

The total value of mining and furnace products in five years was as follows in Austria in florins : —

— 1892

1893 1894

1895

1896 1

1

Mining products 70,438,556 , Furnace. . , 32,903,184

76,750,410 79,671,551 32,690,524 35,126,161

84,181,329 35,262,727

87,857,943 36,470,997