Page:Statesman's Year-Book 1899 American Edition.djvu/739

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SHIPPING AND NAVIGATION — COMMUNICATIONS

388

In 1895 there were 1,598 breweries, producing in the year 1894-95 17,275,348 hectolitres of beer, and 37,429 distilleries which produced in 1894-95 1,368,494 hectolitres of alcohol. In the same year there were 210 sugar factories with 68,836 work-people, and 28 tobacco factories with 33,001 work-people, the output for i-he year being 331,145 metric centners of raw tobacco.

Shipping and Ifavigation^

The following tabular statement shows the strength of the commetcial marine of Austria on January 1, 1897 : —

Number of vessels

^Tonnage

174,507 22,345 18,406

Crews

3,736

4,204

24,470

Sea-going Vessels . ; . * . Coasting vessels ..... Fishing vessels, &c. .....

Total

253

1,526

10,336

12,115 ' 215j258

32,410

Of the total number of vessels 181 of 145,154 tons were steamers, and 11,934 of 70,104 tons were sailing vessels.

The progress of navigation la ah own as follows for Austria alone : —

Year

Entered

Cleared

No.

Tonnage

No.

t'onnage

1892 1893 1894 1895 1896

77,635 82,295 87,503 92,637 100,873

9,094,863

9,517,265

9,494,229

10,695,978

11,771,345

77,457 82,146 87,421 92,566 100,856

9,082,491

9,514,087

9,472,485

10,692,058

11,774,758

Of the vessels entered, an average of 88 per cent, and 90 per cent, of the tonnage, and of the vessels cleared 88 per cent, and 90 per cent, of the tonnage were Austrian, Italy coming next, and Greece third.

At the port of Trieste" alone in rl897, 9,592 vessels of 1,934,384 tons, entered, and 9,515 vessels of 1,928,488 tons cleared.

Internal Communications.

In 1896 the total length of navigable rivers and canals in Austria was : for-rafts only, 2,381 miles; for vessels and rafts, 1,704 miles; total, 4,085 miles, of which 8i8 miles were navigable for steamers.