Page:Statesman's Year-Book 1899 American Edition.djvu/750

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394

HUNGARY

Justice and Crime.

In Hungary the ordinary judicial authorities are : —

The Royal Court (kir. kuria) in Budapest and the Supreme Court of Justice (Table of Septemvirs) in Zagrab (Agram), of the highest instance in all civil and criminal matters ; 12 Royal Tables (kiralyi tablak) of second instance. As courts of first instance, 76 courts (torvenyszekek) with collegiaate judge- ships ; 456 county courts (jarasbirosagok) with single judges ; 15 jury courts (sajtobirosagok) for press offences, besides an army special court.

Convictions

1894

1895

1896

1897

Of crimes ....

13,148

13,072

13,283

13,128

Of less serious offences

76,048

75,750

78,963

82,532

Of misdemeanours .

336,389

344,376

378,542

385,194

Numljer of prisoners in penal es-

tablishments at end of year :

Males ....

5,097

5,005

4,863

4,780

Females ....

426

475

456

458

There are 10 penal establishments in Hungary for males, and 1 for females.

Pauperism.

In Hungary poor relief is attached to the Ministry of the Interior, but in the main is left to communal administration. In the smaller communes orphans and the indigent are cared for by official almoners, Avhile in the larger there are poor-houses, the funds being mostly derived from fines and taxes. The Church and-- charitable societies also render assistance, and several millions of florins are annually bestowed in legacies and gifts towards beuevo- lent purposes.

Finance.

The following table shows the expenditure and revenue of Hungary in thousands of florins : —

1880

272,981 7,551 6,508

2,609 289,649

1890

189-4

1895

1896

1897

Expenditure : — Ordinary Transitory Investments . Extraordinary expenditure

Total .

323,796 39,789 18,629

4,688

435,867

547,0791

36,141

6,543

929,092 37,694 31,109

6,623

445,967 15,795 47,261

6,920

455,492 13,228 70,019

9,392

386,902 1,025,630

504,513

515,943

548,131

j Revenue: — Ordinary Transitory Extraordinary

214,822

17,529

84

262,435

373,223

\ 43,950 1

420,173

475,235 558,951^

477,408 53,702

531,110

500,514 511,082

17,939 45,882

i

Total .

1,034,186

518,453 556,964 '

I Increase due to special financial operations.