Page:Statesman's Year-Book 1899 American Edition.djvu/794

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488

BRAZIL

officially stated; 7,500 public and private primary schools, attended by 300,000 pupils in all. The number of illiterates is returned at 8,365^997, or 84 per cent, of the population.

Justice and Crime.

There is a supreme tribunal of Justice at Rio de Janeiro ; and a court of appeal in the capital of each State, There are courts of first and second instance, both in civil and criminal cases. Judges are appointed for life. There are also municipal magistrates and justices of the peace, who are elected, and whose chief function is to settle cases by arbitration.

Finance.

The following table shows the revenue and expenditure according to the last Official Keports, balances on both sides from former years being omitted. For 1898 the estimate of the Finance Minister is given. The figures given for revenue also do not include proceeds of loans, balance of deposits, and the issues of nickel and paper money : —

1890 1891 1892 1893 1894 1895 1896 1897 1898

Revenue Milreis 195,253,406 228,945,070 227,607,092 259,850,981 264,345,212 307,689,085 333,969,097 293,223,000 325,197,123

Expenditure

Milreis 220,645,874 220,592,463 279,180,219 291,311,070 364,550,264 344,881,528 373,894,847 328,974,000 372,812,424

The proposed budget for 1899 was as follows :-

Revenue

Milreis ' Expenditure

Milreis

16,009,897 1,832,412 26,439,932 46,329,296 89,464,676 165,924,210

346,000,423

Import duties

Railways .

Post and Telegraphs .

Stamps, &.C.

Rio Water Su})ply

Lottery taxes

Tobacco duties .

Other sources

Total .

222,000,000

45,080,000

12,900,000

10,000,000

2,000,000

1,000,000

2,000,000

46,184,000

Departments :

Interior and Justice .

Foreign Atl'airs .

Marine

War ....

Industry .

Finance

1

346,164,000

Total .

The public debt on December 31^ 1897, according to the Finance Minister's report, was as follows : —