Page:Statesman's Year-Book 1899 American Edition.djvu/804

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448

CHILE

books, and 24,048 manuscripts. Other educational iustitutions are the Paedagogic Institute, the National Conservatory of Music, the National Observatory, School of Arts and Trades, Institute for Deaf Mutes, and public museums. In 1897 the cost of higher instruction to the State was 2,000,000 pesos ; the cost of maintaining the elementary schools was 1,920,200 pesos ; and the total cost of instruction supplied by the State, including buildings, pensions, books, &c., in 1897, was 5,633,021 pesos.

Justice and Crime.

There are, in addition to a High Court of Justice in the capital, six Courts of Appeal, Courts of First Instance in the departmental capitals, and subordinate courts in the districts. The total number of offenders sent to prison in 1896 was 33,338. Of this total, 13,998 were imprisoned from 1 to 60 days; more serious ollenders were 10,474, guilty of otfences against pro- perty ; 5,419 guilty of offences against persons ; and 5,363 of offences against order.

Finance.

The public revenue is mainly derived from customs duties, while the chief branches of expenditure are for the national debt and public works and salaries.

According to ofhcial statement, the ordinary income and ex- penditure of Chile have been : —

Year

Revenue

Expenditure

Pesos

Pesos

1889

62,457,934

61,247,783

1890

59,255,783

75,063,376

1892

62,400,000

60,900,000

1893

73,443,000

62,692,500

. 1894

83,436,000

78,482,000

1896

81,328,638

83,610,839 1

1897

85,439,021

84,614,284 I

For 1898 the expenditure was estimated at 79,931,452 pesos. The estimated revenue and ex],enditure for 1899 were : —

Sources of Revenue

Pesos

Branches of Expenditure

Pesos

Import duties

Export duties on nitrate

Export duties on iodine

Surcliarges .

Railways

Post-Oilice & Telegraphs

Stamps

Total ordinary . Total extraordinary .

Total revenue

22,000,000

42,000,000

317,500

380,857

13,500,000

1,200,000

5,000,000

Interior

Foreign Affairs .

Worship

Colonisation

Justice

Instruction . ' Finance

1 War .... j Marine 1 Industry

Public Works

Total (budget) . Tarapaca bank .

Total .

8,213,190

1,261,073

441,728

515,790

3,778,120

4,594,941

17,634,197

13,800,791

9,608,273

595,183

15,906,075

76,349,361 4,444,444

84,398,357 9,446,4424

93,844,799

80,793,805