Page:Statesman's Year-Book 1899 American Edition.djvu/807

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COMMERCE

451

1,082,285 ill 1894; 1,220,000 in 1895; 1,092,000 in 189ti ; 1,064,075 in 1897 ; 1,254,000 in 1898. A large amount of Briti.sh capital has been em- ployed in developing the nitrate industry of Chile.

In the Department of Valparaiso in 1895 there were 417 industrial establishments which in that year consumed raw material valued at 20,057,573 pesos, and employed 12,616 operatives with 162 steam-engines of altogether 1,766 horse-power. The most important of these establishments were sugar refineries, gas-works, breweries, mineral and aerated water factories, carriage and cart works, saw-mills, and works for machine-making.

Commerce.

The following table shows the value of the imports and exports of Chile (special trade, including bullion and specie) for five years (in pesos of S8d.) : —

1893

1894

1895

1896

1897

Imports Exports

Pesos

68,235,874 72,245,114

Pesos

54,483,616 72,040,420

Pesos

69,206,552 72,919,882

Pesos 74,082,805 74,359,414

Pesos

65,502,805 64,754,133,

Of the imports in 1897 the value of 49,260,796 pesos, or 75 per cent, of the whole, was sul>ject to duty ; and of the exports, 39,890,929 pesos, or 61 percent. The import duties collected in 1897 amounted to 24,716,142 pesos ; and the export duties to 16,749,714 pesos, and 1,478,790Z. sterling.

The following table shows the leading imports and exports for two years : —

Imports

1896

1897

Exports

1896

1897

Sugar

Cattle

Coal

Cottons (wliiti) . .

Quimons (Jap. cot- tons)

Sacks (empty) . .

Oil (illuminant) . .

Tocuyos (shirts). .

Cashmeres . . .

Rails (Nieles) . .

Timber

Tea

Candles ....

Iron, bar and block

Iron, galvanized. .

Rice

Woollens ....

Woollen handker- chiefs

Total ....

Pesos

5,777,357 3,843,825 5,462,954 1,763,2.50

1,755,929

1,874,054

1,388,242

800.779

1,167,120

776,891

940,657

1,011,127

1,116,691

698,011

942,449

607,5.S6

825,511

550,006

Pesos

5,983,659 2,756,000 4,122,918 1,805,417

2,131,679 2,440,209 j 1,458,090 I

010,887

1,221,018

195,400

710,247

1,046,250

1,176,-557

354,502

1,202,170

824,079

835,153 i

529,300

Nitrate ....

Iodine

Copper in bars . . Copi^er ore . . . Copper "ejes" . . Silver bar & ingot . Silver ore .... Gold in bars and

Pesos

r43,931,667 2,063,950 5,148,015 307,943 284,897 4,183,108 1,257,870

849,036 1,434,253 4,126,957 1,-535,106

315,675

437,339 1,225,355

731,241

Pesos

37,461,559

2,429,370

5,226,199

169,810

251,915

3,781,125

434,231

905,168

1,869,310

2,599,640

887,573

195,625

218,493

1,344,005

621,209

Coal

Wheat

Barley

Nuts

Hides

Shoe leather . . . Wool

Total ....

Of the nitrate exported aliout 39 per cent, goes to Germany, 17 3 to France, 133 to the Unite<l States, 11-2 to Groat Britain, and 10 9 per cent, to Helgiuni.

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