Page:Statesman's Year-Book 1899 American Edition.djvu/847

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CRIME — FINANCK — DEFENCE

401

age is rioin 7 to 1-1. The puldic schools, iiiaiutained by coiiimunal rates, are free. Of elementary schools there are about 2,940 (28 in Copenhagen, 132 in other towns, and 2,780 in rural districts), with 231,940 pupils, or 123 per 1,000 of population. For liigher instruction there are: a veterinary and agricultural college at Cojienhagen (founded 1892) with 22 teachers ; 21 agricultural or horticultural schools ; 67 folkehoj skolcr or popular high schools ; 31 Latin schools (14 Government, 17 private) ; a college of pharmacy (founded 1892) with 7 teachers ; a Royal academy of arts (founded 1754) with 7 teachers ; 99 rcalskoler or technical and commercial schools. The folkehoj skolcr are all jnivate, but to them and the agricultural schools the state annually makes a grant of about 300,000 kroner. To 72 of the rcalskoler grants are made amounting in the j^ear 1892-93 to 109,000 kroner, exclusive of the cost of apparatus, inspection, &c. The University of Copenhagen founded in 1479, has 5 faculties, to all of which, except theology, women are admitted on eaual terms with men. It has 40 professors and al^out 1,300 students.

Justice and Crime.

The lowest courts of justice in Denmark are those of the hundred or dis- trict magistrates {hcrrcdsfogder and hirkcdommerc) and town judges {hyfogdcr). From these courts an appeal lies to the superior court, or court of second in- stance, in Viborg with 9 judges, and in Copenhagen with 17 judges. The Copenhagen superior court, however, is identical with that of the civic magis- trates. The supreme court {Hojcsteret) or court of final appeal, with a chief justice, 12 puisne judges, and 11 special judges sits in Copenhagen. Judges under 65 years of age can be removed only by judicial sentence.

In 1896, 3,009 males and 994 females were convicted of crime.

Finance.

By the terms of the Constitution of Denmark tlie annual financial budget, called the ' Finantslovforslag,' must be laid on the table of the Folkething at the beginning of each session. As to the annual financial accounts, called ' Statsregnskab,' the Con- stitutional Charter prescribes them to be examined by four paid revisers, two of whom are elected by the Folkething and two by the Landsthing. Their report is submitted to both Chambers, which, after due consideration, pass their resolution generally to the effect that they have no remarks to make on the balance-sheet.

The following shows the actual revenue and expenditure for the five years ending March 31 : —

Year

Revenue

Expi'nditure

Kroner

Kroner

1894

58,075,266

62,152,474

1895

67,342,857

61,395,337

1S9G

79,051,735

74,470,636

1897

65,235,336

65,957,594

1898

138,681,496

134,740,065

The estimated revenue for 1898-!M.i was 08,568,723 kroner, and expenditure 08,430,032 kroner. The following is an abstract

of tiie budiret for i89*J-rjUU