Page:Statesman's Year-Book 1899 American Edition.djvu/883

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bEFENCte

527

The French navy is manned partly by conscription and partly by volun- tary enlistment. By the channel of the 'Inscription Maritime,' which was introduced by Colbert, and on the lists of which are the names of all male individuals of the ' maritime population ' — that is, men and youths devoted to a seafaring life, from the 18th to the 50th year of age— France is provided with a reserve of 114,000 men, of whom about 25,500 are serving with the fleet. The time of service in the navy for the ' Inscrits ' is the same as that in the army, with similar conditions as to reserve duties, furloughs, and leave of absence for lengthened periods. It is enacted by the law of 1872 that a certain number of young men liable to service in the Active Army may select instead the naval service, if recognised fit for the duties, even if not enrolled in the ' Inscription Maritime.' The 'Inscription' will furnish at least 50,000 men more than the navy would require upon mobilization.

The tables which follow of the French armour-clad fleet and first-class cruisers are arranged chronologically, like the similar tables for the British navy. The ships named in italics in the first list are coast-defence vessels- The numbers following the names of the others indicate the classes to which they have been assigned in the foregoing statement of strength. Abbre- viations : h. , broadside ; c. &. , central battery ; t. turret ; bar, barbette ; Q. F. , quick-firing.

,5

.& 'C o

00

Name

Launched

Displace- ment. Tons

Extreme

Armouring.

Inches.

c. b.

Friedland (2)

1873

8,852

9

c. b.

Richelieu (3)

1873

8,984

8J

t. c. b.

Tonnerre Colbert (3) .

1875 1875

5,765 8,783

13

e. b.

Trident (3) .

1876

8,717

Bi

c. b.

Redoutable (-2) .

1876

9,288

14

t.

t.

t.

bar.

Tempite Fulminant . Vengeur Aniiral Duperre(l)

1876 1877 1878 1879

4,793

5,871

4,635

11,032

13 13 13 22

e. b.

Devastation (1) .

1879

10,535

15

bar.

Turenne (3).

1879

6,249

10

bar.

Bayard (3) .

1880

5,915

10

bar. bar.

Tonnant Terrible (2) .

1880 1881

5,010 7,455

18 20

e. b.

Courbet(l) .

1882

10,637

15

bar.

Vauban (3) .

1882

6,112

10

bar.

Duguesclin (3) .

1883

6,112

10

bar.

Amiral Baudin (1)

1883

11,723

22

bar.

Indomptable (2)

1883

7,513

20

Armament

loo

"S to

8 10-8in. ; 8 5-5in. ; 29 small

Q.F., &c. . . .

6 10-8in. ; 5 9-5in. ; 8 5-5in

25 small Q.F., &c. .

2 10-8in. ; 10 small Q.F., &c 8 lO-Sin. ; 2 9-5in. ; 6 5-5in.

26 small Q.F., &c. .

8 10 Sin. ; 2 9-5in. ; 6 5 'Sin.

25 small QF., &c. . 8 10-8in. ; 6 5-5in. ; 35 small

Q.F., (fee. . .

2 10-8in. ; 6 small Q.F., «tc 2 10-8in. ; 12 small Q.F., &c 2 13-4in. ; 8 small Q.F., (tc 4 13-4in. ; 1 5.5in. Q.F.; 14

4iu. ; 42 small Q.F., <fec. 4 12-6in.; 4 lOSin.; 6 5-5in.

27 small Q.F,,&c. .

4 9-5in.; 2 7-6in.; 6 5 Sin.; 16

small Q.F., <fec. 4 Qoin.; 2 76in.; 6 5'5in,

20 small Q.F., (fee. . 2 13-4in. ; 8 small. Q.F., <S:c 216-5in.;4 4in.Q.F.; 23 small

Q.F., &c. . 4 13-4in.; 410-8in.; 10 5-5in

40 small Q.F., &c. . 4 9"5iu.; 17'6in.; 6 5"5iu.;19

small Q.F., Ac. . 4 9 5in.; 1 7-6in.; 6 5-5in

16small Q.F., Ac. . 2 14-5in. ; 8 Ooin. Q.F. ; 10 5-5in.Q.F.:33smallQ.F.,(fec 2 10-8in. ; 6 3-9in. Q.F. ; 12

small Q.F., <fcc.

4,500

4,000 3,600

5,000

5,000

6,200 2,000 4 000 2,000

7,000

8,300

4,400

4,400 2,000

Knots

13-0 j

i 130 ' 12-9

I 14-4

141

14-8

12

13 , 10-9 I

15-0 I

150

■ 14-0

14-1 11-0

6,500

14-5

8,000

15-0

4,560

14-3

3,300

140

8,300

15-0

6,500

14-5