Page:Statesman's Year-Book 1899 American Edition.djvu/888

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532

FRANCE

The annual production of wine and cider appears as follows

Year

Hectares i under Vines ;

Wine,

thousands of

hectolitres

Wine Import, hectolitres

1 Wine Export, hectolitres

Cider in-o- duced lOOO's of hectolitres

1875

2,246,963

82,727

272,730

3,717,590

1885

1,990,586

28,536

8,183,666

2,602,773

19,955

1890

1,816,544

27,416

10,830,462

2,162,129

11,095

1891

1,763,374

30,140

12,278,376

2,049,268

9,280

1892

1,782,588

29,082

9,400,000

1,845,000

15,141

1893

1,793,299

50,070

5,895,000

1,569,000

31,609

1894

1,766,841

39,053

4,492,000

1,721,000

15,541

1895

1,747,002

26,688

6,356,000

1,696,000

25,587

1896

1,728,433

44,656

8,818,716

1,783,000

8,074

1897

1,688,931

32,350

7,529,000

1,774,862

6,789

1898^

1,706,513

32,282

1 6,555,000

1,381,000

10,637

1 First ten months.

The value of the crop of chestnuts, walnuts, olives, cider-apples, plums, and mulberry leaves in 1896 was estimated at 187,391,708 francs ; in 1897, at 171,132,758 francs. In Alpes-Maritimes, Var, and Corsica, the orange and lemon crop was estimated at 1,140,355 francs.

On December 31, 1897, the numbers of farm animals were : Horses, 2,899,131; mules, 205,715; asses, 361,414; cattle, 13,486,510; sheep, 21,445,113; pigs, 6,262,764; goats, 1,495,756.

Silk culture, with Government encouragement {primes), is carried on in 27 departments of France — most extensively in Gard, Drome, Ardeche, and Vaucluse. In 1897, 133,253 persons were employed in this industry; the production of cocoons was 7,760,132 kilogrammes ; 463,232 kilogrammes of cocoons were exported, valued at 4,053,280 francs, and 4,142,009 kilogrammes of raw silk, valued at 89,308,843 francs.

II. Mining and Metals.

In-France there were in 1896, 499 mines (out of 1,407 conceded mines) in work, with 152,125 workers. The annual yield was estimated at 33,811,705 tons, valued at 345,092,580 francs, as against 347,115,810 francs in 1894.

The following are statistics of the leading mineral and metal products : —

Year

Coal and lignite

Iron Ore

Pig Iron

Finished Iron

Steel

Tons

Tons

Tons

' Tons

Tons

1892

26,179,000

3,706,748

2,057,390

828,519

682,527

1893

25,651,000

3,517,438

2,003,096

808,171

664,032

1894

27,417,000

3,772,000

2,069,714

785,781

674,190

1895

28,019,893

3,679,767

2,003,860

756,793

714,523

1896

29,189,900

3,409,372

2,340,000

829,000

917,500

In 1896 there were ]U'oduced also : silver, 70,479 kilogrammes ; zinc. o5,585 tons; copper, 6,544 tons; nickel, 1,545 tons; aluminium, 370 tons,