Page:Statesman's Year-Book 1899 American Edition.djvu/901

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COLONIES AND DEPENDENCIES

545

ANDORRA.

The rcpul)lie of Andorra, wliich is under the joint suzerainty of France and the Spanisli Bislioj) of Urgel, has an area of 175 sipiarc miles and a population of about 6,000. It is governed by a council of twenty-four members elected for four years by four heads of families in each parish. The council elect a first and second syndic to preside ; the executive power is vested in the first syndic, while the judicial power is exercised by a civil judge and two magistrates {xigidcrs). France and the Bishop of Urgel appoint each a magistrate'and a civil judge alternately. A permanent delegate, the Prefect of the Pyrenees Orientales, moreover, has charge of the interests of France in the republic.

References.— 'Vhii t^ui.lc-books fur Spain. Blade (J. F.), Etudes gcogTapliiques siir la Vallee .rAiidurre. Paris. 1875. Aviles Arnau (J.), El Pallas y Andorra. Barcfdona, 1S0:{ Die andorranische Fra^'e, in "Deutsche Uundschau Gcog." 20, 1898. Spender (II.), Tlirough the High Pyrenees. London, 1808.

Colonies and Dependencies.

The colonial possessions and protectorates of France (including Algeria), dispersed over Asia, Africa, America, and Polynesia embrace, inclusive of countries under protection and spheres of influence, a total area of 2,505,000 square miles. Not reckoned as a colony is Algeria, which has a government and laws distinct from the other colonial possessions, Ijeing looked ui)on as a part of France. Tunis is attached to the IMinistry of Foreign Affairs, the other possessions and protectorates are attached to the Ministry of the Colonies. Algeria, as well as all the colonies proper, are represented in the Senate and Chamber of Deputies, and considered to form, politically, a part of France. The estimated area and population of the various colonies and countries under protection, together with the date of their first settlement or acquisition, is shown in the subjoined table (on page 505), compiled from the latest official returns.

In recent years the trade of the colonies was : —

Imports

Colonics

Fioni France

I !• rom I other I Countries

Total

Senegal & Dependencies^ French Guinea (1896) . Ivory Co i.sl (1S0(>). Dahoiioy & Depend-

ei-ics" (189(3) French Congoi Mayotte & Coniorolsles^ Diego Suarezl Nossi Bel liiunioni French Indiai Cocliin-Cliina (ISOCi) » Caiubodia . ,, (

An nam . . ,, Tonkin . . ,, St. Pierre & Miquelon ,, Martini<iue (189(5) . Cnadcloupc (1890) French Guianai . New Caledonia (1897) . French Establishments

in Oceania (1897)

Francs I Francs Francs 9,022,000l 4,844,000 13,860,000

,000 4,109,000 800,000' 3,838,000

4,034,000 4,(i38,000

3.741,000' .0,988,000 9,729,000

1^440,000' 1,720,000 3,10(5,000

15-2,000 451,000 003,000

3,350,000 3,350,000' 0,700,000

350,0001 2,171,000: 2,521,000 9,579,000 10,092,000,19,071,000

532,000 2,745,000j 3,277,000

21,993,367. 33, ^24,923j55,818, 290

251, 411 ! 3,009,2711 3,800,082 ll,020,774,'l4,177,239| 25,204,013

3.054.000 3,(590,000 (5,750,000 9,370 000 12,509,000 22,885,000

10,755, 0001 1,017,000 21,702,000

7.400.0001 3,521,000 10,921,000 4,706,600 3,972,576 8,679,236

387,125 .3,203,600, 3,590,725

1 In 1893.

Exports

To To other p ran ce Countries

Total

Francs | Francs Francs

13,883,000 4,102,000 17,9s.5,(!00

e04 000 4,923,000 5,787,000

2,236,000 2,104,000 4,400,000

3,890,000 5,204,000 9,100,000

454,000 1,891,000 2,345,000

849,000 123,000 972,000

340,000' 340,000 080,000

422,000' 1,901,000 2,3S3,00o

15,809,00ul 1,217,000 17,080,000

12,709,000 7,420,000 20,129,000

4,988,778J08,392,512|73,381,290

90,802! 2,301.808 2,.398,010

1.3(;2,850 0,198.042 7,5(50,89-

7 091,000 2,310,000 9,401,000

19!720,000 1,705,000 21, 431, ('00

7,100,559 11,087,000 18,793,000

4 387 000 347,000 4,7.34,000

3,332,785 3,712,239 7,045,024

307,725 2,653,725 2,901,450,

N N