Page:Statesman's Year-Book 1899 American Edition.djvu/908

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552

FRANCE : — ALGERIA

Finance.

The receipts of the Government are derived chiefly from direct taxes, customs, and monopolies. The natives pay only direct taxes. The depart- ments of Public Debt, War, and JMarine are excluded from the estimates. The estimated revenue and expenditure for 1899 were : —

Revenue

Exiicnditure

1

Francs.

Ministries :

Francs.

I Direct Taxes

11,713,841

Finance ,

565,450

i Registration, Stamps, &c.

7,905,300

Justice and Worship

3,620,420

1 Customs

12,641,400

I Interior .

23,458,480

^Monopolies .

5,442,300

Instruction, &c.

6,562,130

Domains and Forests .

4,452,150

Pul^lic Works .

22,031,000

Various

8,563,240

Regie, &c. .

16,044,169

Receipts d'ordrc .

3,434,140

Repayments, &;c.

1,088,800

Total .

54,152,371

Total .

73,370,449

Defence.

The military force in Algeria constitutes the 19th Army Cor})S. It consists of the following troops : — 3 regiments of zouaves, 3 regiments of tirailleurs, 2 foreign legions, 3 battalions of light infantry, 3 discipline companies 5 regi- ments of diasseurs d'Afrique, 3 regiments of Spahis, 3 companies of remount cavalry, 12 batteries of artillery, 3 companies of engineers, 9 companies of train, and 1 staff and recruiting section. There is also a territorial army reserve, consisting of 10 battalions of zouaves, 3 sipiadrons of cavalry, and 10 batteries of artillery. Another body of troops is being formed for the defence of the extreme south. The infantry will be called tirailleurs sahariens, and the cavalry sp'xhis sxharicns. The budget estimates for 1899 provide that the Algerian military force consist of 55,112 men, of whom 2,195 are officers, and 13,138 horses. [See under France.]

Industry.

A great part of the land of Algeria is held undivided by Arab tribes by the tenure called ' arch ' or 'sabega.' Freehold property, 'melk,' is not common. Most of the State lands have, under various systems, been appropriated to colonists. The population engaged in agriculture in 1895 was 3,482,358, 205,642 l)eing Europeans. About 20,000,000 hectares are occupied by the agricultural population. The principal cereals and the area cultivated in 1895-96 are shown in the following table : —

Cereals

European Culture

Native ('ulturc

Total

Area

Hectares

124,102

187,228

307

120,497

05,590

11,.530

459,353

Quantity

Area

Hectares

54,314

1,005,819

05

1,314,899

6,209

38,745

2,420,111

Quantity

Area

Quantity

Wheat, soft .

, , liard Rye . Barley Oats Others

Total .

Quintals

971,480 850,347 1,900 938,279 704,902 98,159

3,565,133

Quintals

270,634

4,978,510

518

7.473, 9.S4

50,152

238,658

Hectares

178,476

1,143,047

.372

1,435,390

71,865

40,308

2,879,464

Quintals

1,242,114

5,828,857

2,424

8,412,263

755,114

336,817

13,012,456

16,577,589