Page:Statesman's Year-Book 1899 American Edition.djvu/939

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INSTRUCTION — JUSTICE AND CRIME

583

Ilosianum at Braunsberg (9 teachers and al)out forty students), which has only faculties of theology (Roman Catholic) and philosophy.

The following table gives the number of teachers for the summer half-year 1898, and the number of students for the winter half-year 1897-98.

Professors

Students

TTiii v»^v<tit"io<;

Q |J(1

Ulll * V,'I >>ll'l\.0

Teachers

Tlieology

Jurisprudence

Medicine

Philosophy 2,150

Total 5,935

Berlin .

372

441

1,984

1,360

Bonn

147

304

409

264

694

1,671

Breslau .

164

324

443

345

385

1,497

Erlangen

68

240

182

434

112

1,068

Freiburg

115

218

249

392

214

1,073

Giessen .

72

58

236

224

156

674

Gottingen

123

137

336

236

445

1,154

Greifswald

91

209

167

293

87

756

Halle .

144

411

346

265

584

1,606

Heidelberg

147

54

340

203

487

1,084

Jena

96

35

158

198

241

632

Kiel

102

61

125

263

181

580

Konigsberg

113

67

211

235

171

684

Leipzig .

208

348

1,032

724

1,173

3,277

Marburg .

100

110

229

249

320

908

Miinchen

180

152

1,145

1,396

1,124

3,817

Miinster .

48

315

211

526

Rostock .

49

30

119

106

196

451

Strassburg

137

82

335

329

320

1,066

Tiibingen

98

409

441

255

121

1,226

Wiirzburg

101

146

249

742

288

1,425

There were besides a certain number of non-matriculated students — the majority, 4,270, at the University of Berlin,

In four universities, namely, Freiburg, Miinchen, Miinster, and "Wiirzburg, the faculties of theology are Roman Catholic ; three are mixed, both Pro- testant and Roman Catholic — Bonn, Breslau, and Tiibingen ; and the remain- ing fourteen are Protestant.

Justice and Crime.

In terms of Judicature Acts in 1877 and 1879 a uniform system of law courts was adopted throughout the Empire not later than January 1, 1879, though, with the exception of the Reichsgericht, all courts are directly subject to the Government of the special State in which they exercise jurisdiction, and not to the Imperial Government. The appointment of the judges is also a State and not an Imperial function. The Empire enjoys uniform codes of commercial and criminal law, and the civil code of August 18, 1896, will come into force on January 1, 1900.

The lowest courts of first instance are the Amtsgerichte, each with a single judge, competent to try petty civil and criminal cases. There was on January 1 ,