Page:Statesman's Year-Book 1899 American Edition.djvu/941

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FINANCE

58o

As preventive measures under this head must be mentioned the imperial laws introducing the compulsory insurance of workmen against sickness (1883 and 1892) and insurance agains't accidents by employers (1884-1887) and the compulsory insurance of workmen by the workmen themselves against old age and infirmity (1889).

Finance.

The common expenditure of the Empire is defrayed from the revenues arising from customs, certain branches of the excise, and the profits of the posts, telegraphs, and State railways. The individual States are assessed to make up any deficit in proportion to population.

The following tables exhibit the revenue and expenditure (in thousands of marks) for five years, the figures for the last two years being taken from the budget estimates : —

Revenue

Expenditure

Years

Ordinary

Extraord. (loans, &c.)

Total

Ordinary

Extraord.

(military,

&c.)

Total

1894-95 1895-96 1896-97 1897-98 1898-99

1,000 M. 1,185,643 1,229,860 1,322,280 1,268,912 1,355,460

1,000 M.

158,449 64,256 69,771 91,833 57,427

1,000 M. 1,344,092 1,294,116 1,392,050 1,860,745 1,412,886

1,000 M. 1,190,787 1,232,077 1,307,987 1,281,020 1,384,152

1,000 M.

146,153 74,504 57,775 91,833 57,427

1,000 M. 1,336,940 1,307,181 1,365,762 1,372,853 1,441,579

The amounts raised by customs, excise, and stamps were as follows (in thousands of marks) : —

1894-95

1895-96

1896-97

Estimated

1897-98 1898-99

1

Customs and excise . Stamps ....

642,007 48,994

661,639

64,747

731,517

58,736

653,132 701,490 61,873 60,842

Total

691,001

726,386

790,253

715,005 ' 762,332

The sums paid in lieu of customs and excise by the parts of the Empire not included in the Zollgebiet are included in the above figures. The share of this direct imperial taxation is about IQs. 6d. jter head.