Page:Statesman's Year-Book 1899 American Edition.djvu/958

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602

GERMAN EMPIRE

Principal articles of British

Produce exported to

1893

1894

1895

1896

1897

Germany

£

£

£

£

£

Cottons and yarn .

2,523,736

^i2, 484, 420

3,284,713

3,853,936

3,649,122

Woollens and yarn .

3,065,212

3,017,163

4,191,206

4,649,176

3,882,016

Alpaca, &c., yarn .

608,513

475,356

1,019,859

914,428

1,018,017

Wool .

1,065,645

829,509

887,201

933,866

733,974

Iron

965,218

1,070,912

1,113,966

1,706,697

1,785,976

Herrings .

837,598

990,358

1,092,676

793,064

881,100!

Machinery

1,432,711

1,621,148

1,602,831

1,787,968

1,809,871!

Coals, cinders, &c. .

1,559,233

1,817,850

1,702,404

1,784, 921 j 2,021,4441

Other exports of British produce to Germany in 1897 were linen goods and yarn, 509, 910^. ; manure, 314,065/. ; oils, 221,943Z. ; chemicals, 330,750?. ; leather, 362, 683?. ; copper, 313,204?.

Great Britain exported to Germany foreign and colonial cotton valued at 447,699?. ; wool at 2,980,395?. in 1896. Tea exported to Germany from Great Britain declined from 1,082,950?. in 1884 to 281,701?. in 1897.

The ports of Hamburg and Bremen are the chief gates of commercial intercourse of Germany with the United Kingdom.

Shipping and Navigation.

The following was the distribution of the mercantile navy of Germany (only ships of more than 17 '65 tons gross-tonnage) on January 1, 1896, 1897, and 1898:—

Baltic Ports

North Sea Ports

Total Shipping

Number

Net tonnage

Number

Net tonnage

Number

1 Net tonnage

1896 :— Sailing vessels Steamers

Totals

1897:— Sailing vessels Steamers

Totals .

1898 :— Sailing vessels Steamers

Totals .

551 381

932

95,020 144,346

1,973

687

527,085 735,593

1,262,678

2,524 1,068

622,105 879,939

239,366

2,660

3,592

1,502,044

509 389

898

76,703 142,818

2,043 737

2,780

520,914 747,142

1,268,056

2,552 1,126

3,678

597,617 889,960

219,521

1,487,577

855,571 969,800

472 404

59,309 157,427

2,050 767

2,817

526,262 812,373

2,522 1,171

876

216,736

1,838,635

3,693

1,555,371

Of the total shipping in 1896, 2,055 of 255,443 tons; in 1897, 2,053 of 262,543 tons belonged to Prussian ports. The total number of sailors required for manning the ships of the merchant navy in 1898 was 42,428.