Page:Statesman's Year-Book 1899 American Edition.djvu/984

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628

GERMAN EMPIRE : — BAVARIA

The following table shows the annual movement of the population in five years : —

Year i Marriages I Z^l^„ \ Stillborn 'Illegitimate] Total Deatlis ^Bj-ths**

1893 1894 1895 1896 1897

41,605 42,623 43,273

45,258 46,481

Births

216,610 213,026 215,763 222,533 222,991

6,601 6,631 6,908 6,881 6,784

30,581 30,617 29,790 31,754 31,082

162,051 152,949 152,721 142,939 151,409

54,559 60,077 63,042 79,594

71,582

Religion.

Kather more than seven-tenths of the population of Bavaria are Roman Catholics. At the census of December 1890 there were 3,959,077 Roman Catholics, 1,571,683 Protestants, and 53,885 Jews.

The religious division of the population in each of the eight provinces of the kingdom was as follows on December 2, 1895 : —

Provinces

Roman Catholics

Protestants

Jews

Upper Bavaria

Lower Bavaria

Palatinate (Rheinpfalz) .

Upper Palatinate .

Upper Franconia .

Middle Franconia .

Lower Franconia ,

Suabia .....

Total ....

1,102,394 667,633 333,260 499,990 247,433 171,432 504,020 586,461

74,499

5,450

418,015

45,133 334,817 551,284 113,894

97,041

7,411

240

10,423

1,486

3,516 12,291 14,157

4,226

4,112,623

1,640,133

53,750

Besides the above there are included in other Christian sects 2,955 Old Catholics, 3,249 Mennonites, 2,215 Reformed, 83 Anglican, 304 Greek Catholics, 40 Irvingites, 98 Anabaptists, 851 Methodists, 1,169 Free Christians, and 408 without declaration.

As regards ecclesiastical administration, the kingdom is divided into 2 Roman Catholic archbishoprics, those of Munich and Ilamberg ; 6 bishoprics ; 212 deaneries ; and 2,927 parishes. The Protestant Church is under a General Consistory — ' Ober-Consistorium ' — and three provincial consistories, 80 deaneries, and 1,083 parishes. Among the Roman Catholics there is one clergyman to 464 souls; among the Protestants, one to 1,013. Of the three universities of the kingdom, two, at ]\Iunich and "Wiirzburg, are Roman Catholic, and one, at Erlangen, Protestant.

Instruction.

(For Universities, see under Gervnany.) Elementary schools — 'Yolks- schulen ' — exist in all parishes, and school attendance is compulsory for all children from six till the age of fourteen. In 1896 there were 5,139 Catholic schools, 1,919 Protestant, 144 mixed, and 89 Jewish. In 1896 there were 455 agricultural schools, with 8,127 pupils, besides 12 winter schools, with 510 pupils.

Justice, Crime, and Pauperism.

Bavaria is the only Ger^nan State which has established an Oberstcs Land- qcricht, or a]tpoal-court intervening between the Oberlandesgericlite and the