Page:Statesman's Year-Book 1899 American Edition.djvu/986

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G30

GERMAN EMPIRE: — BAVARIA

The contribution of Bavaria to the Imperial army in 1897-98 was as follows in officers and men: —

Meu

2,069

1,180

169

Officers

Meu

Officers

Infantry

. 1,372

41,551

Pioneers .

79

Jiiger

36

1,226

Train .

37

Landwehr

71

599

Special .

360

Cavalry

261

7,239

Artillery

396

9,074

Total

. 2,612

63,107

The number of horses was 10,206.

Production and Industry.

Of the total area of Bavaria, nearly one-half is nnder cultivation, one- sixth under grass, and one-third under forests. The number of separate farms in 1882 and 1895 was as follows: —

Under 1 Hect.

1-10 Hect.

374,907 372,683

10-100 Hect.

100 Hect. & over

594 621

Total

1882 1895

174,056 156,971

131,964 133,510

681,521 663,785

In 1895 their total area was 5,945,736 hectares.

These farms supported in 1895 a population of 2,585,858, of whom Ij 331,105 were actually engaged in agriculture. The areas (in hectares) under the chief crops, and the yield per hectare in metric tons, in 1897, were as follows: —

Area, iu hect. Yield

Area, in hect.

Yield

Wheat

Rye

Barley

318,038 550,755 357,694

1-29 1-20 1-27

Oats

Potatoes

Hay

461,714

322,019

1,284,462

1-35 9-64 5 '34

Vines occupied 21,182 hectares in 1897, and yielded 521,524 hectolitres of wine as against 846,550 hectolitres in 1890; 3,418 hectares (1897) were planted with tobacco, yielding 6,592 metric tons of dried leaf.

The total value of the leading mining products of Bavaria in 1896 was 9,385,797 marks.

The brewing of beer is a highly important industry in Bavaria (see Gcr^

man Empire, p. 554). The quantity manufactured in 1896 was 16,198,126

hectolitres. In 1896, 6,133 distilleries produced 1/4,000 hectolitres of alcohol.

In 1897 Bavaria had 3,908 miles of railway, of which 3,335 miles belonged

to the State.

British Minister Resideiit. — Victor A. W. Drummond, C. B. , appointed 1885.

Consul. — John S. Smith.

References.

Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Konigsreichs Bayern. 8. Mlinchen 1897.

Statistisches Jahrbuch fiir das Konigreich Bayern. 8. Miinchen, 1898.

jBaedefcer(K.), Handbook for Southern Germany. 8th ed. Leipzig, 1895. The Eastern Alps. 8th ed. Leipzig, 1895.

£rucA;?naji'8 Illustrated Guides: Munichj the Highlands of Bavaria. [Eng. Translations.] Munich, 1895.

Koestler (C), Handbuch zur Gebiets und Ortskunde des Konigreichs Baiern. 4. Miinchen, 1895.

Piloty (R.) (Editor), Die Verfassungskunde des Konigi-eiChs Baiern. 8. Miinchen. 1895.

Riezlfr (a.), GescliiChte Baicnis. 4 vols. Leipzig, 1898.