Page:Sun Tzu on The art of war.djvu/15

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XIII
INTRODUCTION

To return to the elder Sun Tzu. He is mentioned in two other passages of the S/zz'lz Chi.- —

In the third year of his reign [512 B.C.] Ho Lu, King of Wu, took the field with ¥ {5' Tz'u-hsu [i.e. E Wu Yuan] and Po P‘ei, and attacked Ch‘u. He captured the town of g? Shu and slew the two prince’s sons who had formerly been generals of Wu. He was then meditating a descent on 555 Ying [the capital]; but the general

Sun Wu said: “The army is exhausted.l It is not yet possible. We must wait”....2 [After further successful fighting,] “in the ninth year [506 B.C.], King Ho Lu of Wu addressed Wu Tzi’i-hsu and Sun Wu, saying: “Formerly, you declared that it was not yet possible for us to enter Ying. Is the time ripe now?” The two men replied: “Ch‘u’s

general, ¥ *5? Tzfi—ch‘ang, 3 is grasping and covetous, and the princes of E T‘ang and Zr: Ts‘ai both have a grudge against him. If Your

Majesty has resolved to make a grand attack, you must win over T‘ang and Ts‘ai, and then you may succeed.” Ho Lu followed this advice, [beat Ch‘u in five pitched battles and marched into Ying]. 4

This is the latest date at which anything is recorded of Sun \Nu. He does not appear to have survived his patron, who died from the effects of a wound in 496.

In the chapter entitled (the earlier portion of ‘ which M. Chavannes believes to be a fragment of a treatise on Military Weapons), there occurs this passage:5

From this time onward, a number of famous soldiers arose, one after the other: 5% Kao-fan,6 who was employed by the Chin State; Wang—tz'u,7 in the service of Ch‘i; and Sun Wu, in the service of Wu. These men developed and threw light upon the principles of war

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