Page:Suppressed Gospels and Epistles.djvu/236

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It is affirmed by Ambrose, "that the twelve Apostles, as skilful artificers assembled together, and made a key by their common device, that is, the Creed; by which the darkness of the devil is disclosed, that the light of Christ may appear."[1] Others fable that every Apostle inserted an article, by which the Creed is divided into twelve articles; and a sermon, fathered upon St. Austin, and quoted by the Lord Chancellor King, fabricates that each particular article was thus inserted by each particular Apostle:—

"Peter.—1. I believe in God the Father Almighty;
"John.—2. Maker of heaven and earth;
"James.—3. And in Jesus Christ his only Son, our Lord;
"Andrew.—4. Who was conceived by the Holy Ghost, born of the Virgin Mary;
"Philip.—5. Suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, dead and buried;
"Thomas.—6. He descended into hell, the third day he rose again from the dead;
"Bartholomew.—7. He ascended into heaven, sitteth at the right hand of God the Father Almighty;
"Matthew.—8. From thence he shall come to judge the quick and the dead;
"James, the son of Alpheus.—9. I believe in the Holy Ghost, the holy Catholic Church;
"Simon Zelotes.—10. The communion of saints, the forgiveness of sins;
"Jude, the brother of James.—11. The resurrection of the body;
"Matthias.—12. Life everlasting. Amen."[2]


Archbishop Wake says, "With respect to the Apostles being the authors of this Creed, it is not my intention to enter on any particular examination of this matter, which has heen so fully handled, not only by the late critics of the Church of Rome. Natalis Alexander,[3] Du Pin[4] &c., but yet more especially by Archbishop Usher,[5] Gerard Vossius,[6] Suicer,[7] Spanhemius,[8] Tentzelius,[9] and Sam. Basnage.[10] among the Protestants. It shall suffice to say, that as it is not likely, that had any such thing as this been done by the Apostles, St. Luke would have passed it by, without taking the least notice of it: So the diversity of Creeds in the ancient Church, and that not only in expression, but in some whole articles too, sufficiently shows that the Creed, which we call by that name, was not composed by the twelve Apostles, much less in the same form in which it now is.[11]
Mr. Justice Bailey says, "It is not to be understood that this Creed was framed by the Apostles, or indeed that it existed as a creed in their time;"[12] and after giving the Creed as it existed in the year 600, and which is here copied from his Common Prayer Book, and contrasted with the modern version, he says, "how long this form had existed before the year 600 is not exactly

  1. Ambr. Opera, tom. iii. Serm. 38. p. 265
  2. King's Hist, Apost. Creed, 8vo. p. 26.
  3. Nat. Alex. s. I. vol. I. p. 490, &c.
  4. Du Pin, Biblioth. Eccles. vol. I. p. 25, &c.
  5. Diatrib. de Symb.
  6. Voss. Dissert. de tribu. Symbolis.
  7. Suicer, Thesaur. Eccles. tom. ii. Voce, p. 1086, &c.
  8. Spanhem, Introd. ad Hist. Eccles. s. ii. c. 3.
  9. Ernest. Tentzal. Exercit. select Exercit. I.
  10. Sam. Basnage Exercit. Hist. Crit. ad Ann. ALIV. num. 17, 18.
  11. Wake's Apost. Fathers, 8vo. p. 103.
  12. Mr. Justice Bailey's Common Prayer, 1813, p. 9.