Page:The Cambridge History of American Literature, v3.djvu/161

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Mexico and California

It has been charged that the Mormon leaders employed a gang of cut-throats to discourage Gentiles from settling among them, and Bill Hickman, when he became an apostate, claimed to have been the leader of it. He issued a book, Brigham s Destroying Angel Being the Life Confession and Startling Disclosures of the Notorious Bill Hickman Written by Himself with Explanatory Notes by J. H. Beadle (1872). Beadle also published Western Wilds (1877), Life in Utah (1870), The Undeveloped West (1873), and "The Story of Marcus Whitman Refuted" in American Catholic Historical Researches (1879). Mrs. Stenhouse, who apostatized, wrote Tell it All (1874), a faithful account of her sad life as a Mormon.

While Frémont was aiding Commodore Stockton to clinch the claim of the United States to California, the history of which is told in Despatches Relating to Military and Naval Operations in California (1849) and in A Sketch of the Life of R. F. Stockton with his Correspondence with the Navy Department Respecting his Conquest of California and the Defense of J. C. Fremont (1856), the war in Mexico was in full swing. General Stephen Kearny, with an army, was marching overland for the Pacific Coast by way of Santa Fé, where he halted long enough to raise the flag and destroy opposition.

Kearny was a noble officer whose early death in the Mexican campaign prevented his writing about the California campaign. Valentine Mott Porter wrote a sketch of him in Publications of the Historical Society of Southern California, vol. VIII (1911); and A Diary of the March with Kearny, Fort Leavenworth to Santa Fé (1846) by G. R. Gibson gives details concerning that part of the journey. Gibson also wrote two other diaries on a trip to Chihuahua and return in 1847. The journals of Captain Johnson and of Colonel P. St. George Cooke on the march from Santa Fé to California appeared in House Executive Document 41, ist Sess.31th Congress, and Colonel Cooke's "The Journal of a March from Santa Fé to San Diego 1846-47" was printed in Sen. Ex. Doc. 2 Special Sess. 31st Cong. Other literary productions of Colonel Cooke were The Conquest of New Mexico and California (1878) and Scenes and Adventures in Army Life (1857).

Kearny, before proceeding to California, planned for the holding of New Mexico, and one of the memorable expeditions