Page:The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma (Birds Vol 1).djvu/203

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TROCHALOPTERUM.
165

black with pinkish-white edges and the lores, cheeks, chiu and upper throat are l)lack. The upper tail-coverts are olive-green.

Colours of soft parts. Bill dark horny-brown or blackish brown; legs dark ile.shy or yellowish brown; iris grey-brown; " red " {Jerdon).

Measurements. Total length about 260 to 270 mm.; wing 100 to 105 mm.; tail 112 to 115 mm.; tarsus about 38 mm.; culmen about 21 to 22 mm.

Distribution. Eastern Nepal to the Daphla and Mikir Hills in Assam.

Nidification. Breeds throughout its range in the months of April, May and early June at elevations of 5,500 feet iipwards. The nest is a massive deep cup made of leaves, grass and a large proportion of moss, bound together with tendrils and roots. The lining generally consists of fine roots with an inner lining of

The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma (Birds Vol 1) 203.jpg
Fig. 29.—Head of T. e. nigrimentum.

matted dead leaves, but this latter is not always present. Most nests are placed in thick bushes, but others mav be found on small saplings, and the site selected is either the fringe of forest and heavy jungle or scrub-jungle and secondary growth. The eggs number two or three and are like those of the rest of the genus, but are generally very sparsely marked. Seventeen eggs average about 28-7 x 21-1 mm.

Habits. This is a bird of high elevations from 5,000 up to 9,000 feet or more. It has the usual habits of the genus and is quite common in the woods round about Darjeeling, where in the early morning and evening it may often be surprised on the roads and jungle paths, limiting in small parties for insects in the cattle droppings, but scuttling off promptly into cover when disturbed.

(151) Trochalopterum erythrocephalum godwini.

Godwin- Austen's Red-headed Laughing-Thrush.

Trochalopterum erythrocephalum f/odwini Havington, Bull. B. O. C, xxxiii, p. 92 (1914) (Heugdan, N. Cacbar Hills).

Vernacular names. Dao-qua-loTc (Cachari).