Page:The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma (Birds Vol 1).djvu/289

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PELLORNEUM. 247

(252) Pellorneum tickelli tickelli.

Tickell's Babbler.

Pellorneum tickelli Bljth, J. A. S. B., xxviii, p. 414 (1859) (Tenasserim).
Drijmocataphics tickelli. Blanf. & Oates, i, p. 146.

Vernacular names. Dao-huslm (Cachari).

Description. Whole upper plumage olive-brown; the fore- head more fulvous; the feathers of the crown pale-shafted; tail rather more rufous than the back; lores, eyebrow and

The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma (Birds Vol 1) 289.jpg
Fig. 44.—Head of P. t. tickelli.

feathers round the eye pale fulvous; ear-coverts fulvous-brovn with pale shafts; sides of the neck similar to the back but paler; cheeks and entire lower plujnage fulvous, with indications of stripes on throat and breast; centre of abdomen and sometimes chin and throat albescent.

Colours of soft parts. Bill bluish or dusky-horny above, paler below and more fleshy; iris reddish brown to Indian red; ejelids livid or dull greenish flesh-colour; legs, feet and claws fleshy- white.

Measurements. Total length about 150 to 160 mm.; wing 60 to 66mm.; tail 52 to 55 mm.; tarsus about 27 mm.; culmen 17 to 18 mm.

Distribution. Assam South of the Brahmaputra, but not East of the Xaga Hills, through West Burma and Karenni to Ten- asserim and Malay Peninsula, Siam to Annam. Nidiiication. Tickell's Babbler breeds from early April to the end of May and also, possibly a second brood, in late June and Jul}^ It maybe found at this season at all heights between 3,000 and 7,000 feet, more often over 4,000 feet than under that height. The uest is sometimes globular, frequently a deep cup made principally of fine grasses but with a few leaves, bamboo-spathes or even a scrap or two of dried moss or bracken leaves added to the outer fabric. The lining is always of fine grasses only. It is never placed actually on the ground though often within a few inches of it but is built in some low bush, tangle of creepers or raspberry-vines, or occasionally, in a bamboo clump. Scrub near to openings forms the favourite site, but I have taken nests in fairly deep forest.