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History of the Church and Manor of Wigan.
- Toll or thol, in the Saxon charters, was the liberty of buying or selling, or keeping a market. In later times it signified the customary dues or rent paid to the lord of a manor for his profits of the fair or market, or it sometimes implied a liability to pay such dues by traders in any market.
- Them, or theam, was a franchise which gave to the lord of a manor an absolute jurisdiction over his villeins and natives.
- Infangenthef was a liberty granted from the King to some lords of a manor to try all thieves, being their tenants, within their own court.
- Utfangenthef was a similar liberty of trying foreigners or strangers apprehended for theft within their own fee.
- Lastage was the custom exacted in markets for selling wares by the Last, or wholesale quantity; a Last of pitch was twelve barrels, of hides or skins twelve dozen, of corn, ten quarters, of leather 200 skins.
- Pontage was a fee, custom, or toll levied on travellers or passengers over a bridge, towards its repair and maintenance.
- Passage was a similar toll levied on persons passing any spot, with or without carriages.
- Stallage implied the dues assessable on persons who erected stalls in any fair or market.