Page:The Works of Lord Byron (ed. Coleridge, Prothero) - Volume 2.djvu/485

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CANTO IV.]
441
CHILDE HAROLD’S PILGRIMAGE.

Christ's mighty shrine above His martyr's tomb![1]
I have beheld the Ephesian's miracle—[2]
Its columns strew the wilderness, and dwell

The hyæna and the jackal in their shade;[3]
  1. Lo Christ's great dome——.—[MS. M.]
  2. [The ruins which Byron and Hobhouse explored, March 25, 1810 (Travels in Albania, ii. 68-71), were not the ruins of the second Temple of Artemis, the sixth wonder of the world (vide Philo Byzantius, De Septem Orbis Miraculis), but, probably, those of "the great gymnasium near the port of the city." In 1810, and for long afterwards, the remains of the temple were buried under twenty feet of earth, and it was not till 1870 that the late Mr. J. T. Wood, the agent of the Trustees of the British Museum, had so far completed his excavations as to discover the foundations of the building on the exact spot which had been pointed out by Guhl in 1843. Fragments of the famous sculptured columns, thirty-six in number, says Pliny (Hist. Nat., xxxvi. 95), were also brought to light, and are now in the British Museum. (See Modern Discoveries on the Site of Ancient Ephesus, by J. T. Wood, 1890; Hist. of Greek Sculpture, by A. S. Murray, ii. 304.)]
  3. [Compare Don Juan, Canto IX. stanza xxvii. line 2—

    "I have heard them in the Ephesian ruins howl."]