Page:The ethics of Aristotle.djvu/305

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Notes 277 g if between the wares as between the persons, i.e. the ratio of

Qi equality.

D If we admit ei, the meaning may be, that you must not bring In Q into the proportion the difference mentioned above (érépwv xal L; mix {cov), since for the purposes of commerce all men are equal.

 Say that the Builder is to the Shoemaker as ro : 1. Then
j there must be the same ratio between the wares: consequently

` the highest artist will carry on the most valuable wares, thus l gf combining in himself both J1-epéxei. The following are the

three cases, given roo pr. SI10C;I house.

¤ 1 Builder : Shoemaker : : 1 pr. shoes : 1 house——wnmg.

 —————-·— -—————. 100 pr. shoes : 1 house——-right.
 ---—·-—~ ··—-—-~·——-·. IO (IOO pr. shoes) : 1 house-——wnmg.

l Q P. 185, l. 30. Every unjust act embodies -rb dimer, which is a ` violation of rb taav, and so implies a greater and a less share, l I the former being said to fall to the doer, the latter to the sufferer. i e of injury. 3 P. 116, 1. 18. In a pure democracy men are absolutely, i.e. V numerically, equal, in other forms only proportionately equal. f< Thus the meanest British subject is proportionately equal to 4 the Sovereign: that is to say, is as fully secured in his rights s; l as the Sovereign in hers. Q P. 118, 1. 8. Or, according to Cardwell’s reading (mvméw ob ‘ aéwm. miv): " but amongst ourselves there is just, which is

 naturally variable, but certainly all just is not such." The

{ sense of the passage is not affected by the reading. In Bekker's

 text we must take mvmbv to mean the same as xevoupevov,

l·.i i.e. " we admit there is no just which has not been sometimes

 disallowed, still," etc. With Cardwell's, xevqvbv will mean " which
 not only does but naturally may vary."
 P. 118, 1. 33. Murder is unjust by the law of nature, Smug-
 gling by enactment. Therefore any act which can be referred to

fi either of these heads is an unjust act, or, as Bishop Butler phrases

 it, an act materially unjust. Thus much may be decided without
 reference to the agent. See the note on page 32, l. 16.
 P. 121, 1. 13. " As distinct from pain or loss." Bishop Butler's
 Sermon on Resentment. See also, Rhet. ii. 2 Def. of 6p-yi;.
 P. 121, l. 1g. Thismethod of reading the passage is taken from
 Zell   quoted in Cardwelfs Notes, and seems to yield the best
 2; 7,,g sense. The Paraphrast gives it as follows: s

7 " But the aggressor isnot ignorant that he began, and so he Q

 l_,, ;   feels himself to be wrong [and will not acknowledge that heisthe

i 1>¢§ ¤gsr¢S¤<>¤1· i>¤¢t1><=;¤f¤<=¢ sm ¤¤t·" “ l W “ 1 e

 I c P. r22,l. 18. Asjwhenamanis,"»justihed at the GrassMarket.f? l g
 ‘s.,`_ i.4.hung.i_   M x jiyn           ,,,. e as A i or `.‘.      
 ,‘i. U 547 e , _ y