Page:The farm labourer in 1872.djvu/26

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labourers, reacting upon the rest in the general promotion of provident habits.

2. Elevation of the individual labourer and the whole family by increased self-respect and carefulness, and increased income depending on that carefulness.

3. Supplementation of wages by the labourer's own exertions at no perceptible cost to landlord or farmer.

4. Comparative contentment and comfort with a strong attachment to the place as a labourer.

5. Gradual extinction of pauperism and improvidence, including drunkenness.

And from the experience acquired on this estate, it is probable that if where such small tenements existed, care was taken to utilize them, as prizes to the best and most thrifty of the agricultural labourers, or even attaching them to estates or to a farm, or carving them out of farms, great good might follow in opening a way and a prospect to the best men to rise. A landlord lately in this same county has sub-divided a small grazing farm of twenty acres that was vacant among four agricultural labourers on his estate who had saved money, and other such opportunities would from time to time arise if they are sought.

Then here are two further facts bearing on the same point. A gentleman farmer, cultivating his own land, told me he had a bailiff, or foreman, to whom he could only afford to pay eighteen shillings