THE FUTURE OF DEMOCRACY
were in that Report. If they were merely my own conclusions I would not speak about them, but they were the conclusions that were come to by my colleagues as well as myself, and my colleagues included some of the greateﬆ authorities on electrical engineering, and on the problem to which I have referred, in this country or perhaps in any country. We had all the knowledge of the century available to us, and we found that to-day we use eighty million tons of coal in the year to supply power for our induﬆries in this country. Moﬆ of this coal is put into engines which generate ﬆeam power, and, as you know, the ﬆeam-engine is a very waﬆeful way of producing energy. It is a very bad way indeed, if you are using a great number of small engines as is done to-day. If you could take the coal at the pit-head and turn it on a great scale into ﬆeam at once, which you muﬆ do in order to generate the power, the waﬆe could be reduced to a minimum, and then, with great super-power ﬆations generating electric power on a large scale, you would get the result that inﬆead of eighty million tons of coal per year being used to produce the exiﬆing quantity of induﬆrial power in factories, in workshops, and on railways, we should do it with only twenty-five million tons; and as there is plenty of coal for two or three centuries, and by that time we shall very likely have discovered other sources of light and heat that will supersede coal, we can very well use the eighty million tons at one-third of the coﬆ, and put at the disposition of the workman tools and machinery that will enable him to accomplish three times the output with the same supervision. The workman with a combination of electrical tools might therefore put out three times as much and be paid three times the wage.
You would be able to bring within the range of practical politics that which Lord Leverhulme has been advocating—a six-hour day. It would be a concentrated day, requiring