Page:The parochial history of Cornwall.djvu/81

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39
ST. ANTHONY IN KERRIER.

being, whose predecessors endowed it; the incumbent Edwards; the Rectory or Sheaf in possession of . . . . ; and the parish rated to the 4s. per pound land tax, 1696, £66. 12s. And the tutelar guardian of this Church is St. Anthony before-mentioned.

Tre-woth-ike in this parish, "the town of the known or familiar cove, creek, or bosom of waters" (Tre-werh-ike or ick, is evidently the town, on the water, or cree, —Editor;) alias Tre-wood-ike, "the town of the wood creek or bosom of waters," was formerly the lands of Tre-gow (id est, "the wood town," in or about those parts) gentlemen that flourished here for several generations in good fame and credit till about the middle of the reign of King Charles II when Mr. Tregoze sold this lordship to John Vaughan, of Ottery, in Devon, Esq. who married Drew, his father Hals of Efford, sister to Sir Nich. Hals, Knt., his grandfather ............., and giveth for his arms, in a field, ...... three boars heads erased. The arms of Tregose were, Azure, two bars gemelles, in chief a lion passant Or, langued Gules, which name and tribe I think is now quite extinct.

Roscruge or Rossereige Burough, in this parish (id. est, the valley and promontory or highland, tumulus or burying place) gave name and original to a family of gentlemen now or lately in possession thereof, who gave for their arms .......... Otherwise Roscrugh, may be interpreted as the valley or covered tumulus for or of music.

In this parish are the two camps or treble intrench- ments of our ancestors the Britains, called Denis and Great Denis or Dunes, words of two import, signifying the great castle and the little castle, fort, fortress, or fortified place, wherein the inhabitants heretofore posted themselves for their safety against foreign invaders.

See St. Colomb Major.